Cartan

Cartan
Recorded in the spellings of MacCartan, Cartan, Carton, Cartin, Carten, MacKartan, Kartane, and possibly others, this is, in the 20th century, both an English locational surname and an Irish and Ulster patronymic clan surname. For many nameholders the surname derives from the 12th century Mac Airtain, itself a diminutive of the original and highly popular, pre 6th century baptismal name Art(hur). The clan were the chiefs of Kinelarty, in County Down, which is also known as MacArtans Country. However from the 17th century onwards the name came to be confused with the "settler" surname Carton, from the Olde English pre 7th centuary "carr-tun", meaning the place by the rocks, to the point where now it is very difficult to separate the origins. Curiously, to add to the confusion, the apparently English Cartons were sometimes Huguenot! A family of French refugees called Kartane, but later anglicised to Carton, fleeing the persecution of protestants on the continent, settled in Dublin in about the year1680. Later the name spread to Wexford and nameholders were probably responsible for establishing the village called Carton in County Kildare. Early recordings include Owen MacCartan at Derry Cathedral, Templemore, County Derry, on June 23rd 1659, Hester Carton, christened at the church of St John the Evangelist, Dublin, on April 17th 1666, George Carton christened at St Pauls, Covent Garden, London, on June 26th 1691, and Katharine Kartane, christened at St Peters church, Dublin, Ireland, on May 21st 1697. The first recorded spelling of the family name is believed to be that of Teag MacArtan, chief of Kinelarty, County Down, in the year 1350.

Surnames reference. 2013.

См. также в других словарях:

  • CARTAN (É.) — Élie Cartan fut l’un des plus grands mathématiciens de son époque. Il possédait une intuition géométrique remarquable, aidée par une très grande aptitude à dominer les calculs les plus complexes. Il fut également un excellent professeur. Son… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • CARTAN (H.) — CARTAN HENRI (1904 ) Mathématicien français dont les travaux portent principalement sur les fonctions analytiques et la topologie algébrique. Fils du mathématicien Élie Cartan, Henri Cartan, né à Nancy, est un ancien élève de l’École normale… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cartan — oder Cârțan ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Badea Cârțan (1849–1911), rumänischer Schäfer Élie Cartan (1869–1951), französischer Mathematiker Henri Cartan (1904–2008), französischer Mathematiker Cartan bezeichnet: einen Mondkrater,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cartan — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Desaparecida empresa de Rosario (Argentina) dedicada a la importación de juguetes. Sus productos eran mayormente fabricados por la compañía norteamericana Tyco, con la que Cartan tenía un contrato de distribución… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cartan — may refer to: * Élie Cartan (1869–1951), French mathematician who worked with Lie groups * Henri Cartan (1904 2008), French mathematician who worked in algebraic topology, son of the above * Cartan (crater), a lunar crater …   Wikipedia

  • Cartan — Cartan, Elie Joseph Cartan, Henri …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cartan —   [kar tã],    1) Élie Joseph, französischer Mathematiker, * Dolomieu (Département Isère) 9. 4. 1869, ✝ Paris 6. 5. 1951, Vater von 2); Professor in Nancy (1903 09) und Paris (1912 40); seit 1931 Mitglied der Académie des sciences. Mit dem von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cartan — Le nom est porté dans le Sud Ouest (31, 32, 65). C est apparemment un toponyme, nom d un hameau à Seysses (31), et d anciennes habitations au Castéra et à Montastruc la Conseillère (31) …   Noms de famille

  • Cartan — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Élie Cartan (1869 1951) est un mathématicien français ; Henri Cartan (1904 2008) est un mathématicien français, fils du précédent. Louis… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cartan's criterion — is an important mathematical theorem in the foundations of Lie algebra theory that gives conditions for a Lie agebra to be nilpotent, solvable, or semisimple. It is based on the notion of the Killing form, a symmetric bilinear form on mathfrak{g} …   Wikipedia


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