This ancient surname recorded world-wide in over two hundred and fifty spellings, and including as examples Andre, Aindrias, Andrew, Anders, Jendrusch, Vondrak, Dandy, Andriol, Andretti, Ondracek, Vondraeck, Andress, Jedrzejewicz, and Andriuis, is of pre Christian Greek origins. It derives from the personal name "Andreas", meaning manly, and was held by the first of Christ's disciples. Prior to the 10th century a.d., the name as a first name only, there were no surnames before the medieval period, was almost exclusively held by members of the church, one of the first of such recordings being that of a monk "Andreas", in the English Domesday Book of the year 1086. The name gained in popularity throughout Europe after the 12th century Crusades to free the Holy Land. These expeditions were largely unsuccessful, nethertheless it became the normal practice for returning soldiers to name their children after biblical and particularly Christian, saints or martyrs. St Andrew is the patron saint of both Scotland and Russia, and legend has it that his remains were brought to what is now the city of St. Andrew's in Scotland, in the year 900 a.d.. Certainly the name is very popular in that country. The surname was also one of the earliest settler names in America. Anthony Andrew being recorded in the first listings for the state of Virginia in 1623. The very first recorded spelling of the family name anywhere, is probably that of William Andreu, which was dated 1237, in the ancient charters of the county of Buckinghamshire, England, in the year 1237. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop", often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Andras — in einer Darstellung aus dem Dictionnaire Infernal von Collin de Plancy (1863) Andras ist ein Dämon in der christlichen Mythologie. Er wurde in der Ars Goetia als Dämon aufgelistet. Dort wird er als ein Engel mit dem Kopf eines Raben oder einer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andras — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para la banda Coruñesa de heavy metal, véase Andras (banda). Demonio con el cargo de marqués de los infiernos. Manda 30 legiones. Representado con cabeza u ojos de búho, cuerpo desnudo de ángel alado, cabalga sobre… …   Wikipedia Español

  • andras — sm. P bot. plūdinių šeimos jūros dugno augalas (Zostera): Jūrinis andras (Z. marina) LBŽ. Mažasis andras (Z. nana) P.Snar …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • Andras — est un démon issu des croyances de la goétie, science occulte de l invocation d entités démoniaques. Le Lemegeton le mentionne en 63e position de sa liste de démons. Selon l ouvrage, Andras, grand marquis aux Enfers, est représenté avec le corps… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andras — m Welsh form of ANDREW (SEE Andrew) …   First names dictionary

  • András — m Hungarian form of ANDREW (SEE Andrew). It has been sometimes bestowed in Hungary in honour of a Benedictine monk of Zobor Abbey, who was killed, along with a companion, St Benedict, by marauders in c.1020 …   First names dictionary

  • Andras — In demonology, Andras is a Great Marquis (a Prince to other authors) of Hell, having under his command thirty legions of demons. He sows discord among people.Alternatively named Andra inanyas.In demonology, an unpleasant demon whose only… …   Wikipedia

  • Andras —    FALLEN ANGEL and 63rd of the 72 SPIRITS OF SOLOMON. Andras is a great marquis in HELL who rules over 30 LEGIONs of DEMONs. He appears in the form of an ANGEL with either a raven head or a wooden owl head, rides a black wolf, and carries a… …   Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology

  • Andras — Sp Ándras Ap Andros L s. Bahamose …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Andras — Sp Ándras Ap Άνδρος/Andros L s. ir g tė Graikijoje (Kikladose, ss.) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė