Cavell


Cavell
Recorded in various spellings including Cavel, Cavell, Cavill, Caville, and others, this famous surname is English. It is locational from Cavil, given as being a township in the East Riding of Yorkshire. The placename is first recorded as Cafeld in the Yorkshire Charters of the year 959 a.d. and later as Cheuede, so much for the spelling of Norman-French clerics, in the Domesday Book for Yorkshire, in the year 1086. The component elements are the Old English pre 7th Century "ca" meaning jackdaw plus "feld" a pasture or open country; hence "pasture frequented by "jackdaws". The early examples of the surname recording include Robert de Cavilla, in the Hundred Rolls of the county of Lincolnshire in 1273, and John Cavel, the rector of Sizeland in Norfolk, in 1533. Other examples taken from early surviving church registers include: Humfrey Cavell who married Alice Nassahe in London in the year 1546, whilst on April 23rd 1582, John Cavill and Grisill Garraway were married at the church of St. Peter-le-Poer in the city of London. One of the more appalling acts carried out by the Germans in the First World War (1914 - 1918) was the execution in Belgium of Nurse Edith Cavell. She was a daughter of the rector of Swardeston in Norfolk, and was found "guilty" of assisting wounded fugitives from the fighting. The first recorded spelling of the family name is believed to be that of Thomas de Kauill. This was dated 1190, in the Pipe Rolls of the county of Yorkshire, during the reign of King Richard 1st of England, and known to history as "The Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Cavell — can refer to:* Edith Cavell, First World War heroine * John Cavell, mayor of Oxford, England * Stanley Cavell, prominent Harvard based philosopherSee also Elliston Cavell, a former department store in Oxford, England …   Wikipedia

  • Cavell — ist der Name folgender Personen: Edith Cavell (1865–1915), britische Spionin und Krankenschwester; nach ihr ist der Mount Edith Cavell benannt Stanley Cavell (* 1926), US amerikanischer Philosoph Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cavell — [kav′əl] Edith Louisa 1865 1915; Eng. nurse executed by the Germans in WWI …   English World dictionary

  • Cavell — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le nom Cavell peut faire référence à plusieurs personnalités : Stanley Louis Cavell, philosophe américain né en 1926 Edith Cavell (1865 1915),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cavell — noun English nurse who remained in Brussels after the German occupation in order to help Allied prisoners escape; was caught and executed by the Germans (1865 1915) • Syn: ↑Edith Cavell, ↑Edith Louisa Cavell • Instance Hypernyms: ↑nurse * * *… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cavell — biographical name Edith Louisa 1865 1915 English nurse …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Cavell — /kav euhl/, n. Edith Louisa, 1865 1915, English nurse: executed by the Germans in World War I. * * * …   Universalium

  • Cavell —    see Hirou, Jacques …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Cavell — Cav•ell [[t]ˈkæv əl[/t]] n. big Edith Louisa, 1865–1915, English nurse: executed by the Germans in World War I …   From formal English to slang

  • Cavell — /ˈkævəl/ (say kavuhl) noun Edith Louisa, 1865–1915, English nurse, executed by a German firing squad in World War I after having assisted the escape of Allied soldiers from occupied Belgium …   Australian English dictionary


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