This ancient and distinguished name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and a locational surname deriving from any one of the various places called Chesterton, in Cambridgeshire, Gloucestershire, Huntingdonshire, Oxfordshire, Staffordshire and Warwickshire. These places are all recorded early on, sometimes before the Domesday Book of 1086, in forms such as "Cestretone, Cestretune", and "Cestertune", showing their derivation from the Olde English pre 7th Century "ceaster", usually denoting a Roman fort or station, with "tun", enclosure, settlement. The Olde English "ceaster" was adopted from the Latin "castra", legionary camp, dating from the Roman occupation of Britain, pre 400 A.D. All of the places called Chesterton are on or near the site of a Roman fort. Locational surnames were originally given as a means of identification to those who left their birthplace to settle elsewhere. Early recordings of the name include: Robert de Chesterton (1227, Oxfordshire), and Edward Chestreton (1416, Warwickshire). Staffordshire Church Records list the marriage of Thomas Chesterton and Elizabeth Bradberie at Ashley, on November 11th 1599. Perhaps the most well known bearer of the name was the English essayist, novelist and poet G. K. Chesterton (1874 - 1936), author of the "Father Brown" stories. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Bruning de Cestretona, which was dated 1086, in the "Ely Inquisitions", during the reign of King William 1, known as "William The Conqueror", 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Chesterton — may refer to: Contents 1 Places 2 Other uses 3 People with the surname …   Wikipedia

  • Chesterton — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Arthur Kenneth Chesterton (1896–1973), britischer Politiker Frank Chesterton ( 1885–??), englischer Badmintonspieler G. K. Chesterton (1874–1936),eigentlich Gilbert Keith Chesterton, englischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CHESTERTON (G. K.) — CHESTERTON GILBERT KEITH (1874 1936) Journaliste, essayiste, critique littéraire et critique d’art, poète, romancier, auteur dramatique, G. K. Chesterton a pratiqué tous les genres avec un bonheur presque égal. En outre, dessinateur au trait… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Chesterton — Chesterton, IN U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 10488 Housing Units (2000): 4212 Land area (2000): 8.513063 sq. miles (22.048731 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.113160 sq. miles (0.293083 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.626223 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chesterton, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 10488 Housing Units (2000): 4212 Land area (2000): 8.513063 sq. miles (22.048731 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.113160 sq. miles (0.293083 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.626223 sq. miles (22.341814 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chesterton — (spr. tschéßtert n), Stadt, dicht bei Cambridge (England), mit Gewerbeschule, Arbeitshaus und (1901) 9583 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chesterton — (spr. tschest rt n), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Cambridge, (1901) 9583 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chesterton — Chesterton, Gilbert Keith …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chesterton — (Gilbert Keith) (1874 1936) auteur anglais de romans policiers métaphysiques: le Dénommé Jeudi (1908), Histoires du père Brown (1911 1935) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Chesterton —   [ tʃestətn], Gilbert Keith, englischer Schriftsteller, * Kensington (heute zu London) 29. 5. 1874, ✝ Beaconsfield 14. 6. 1936; war mit H. Belloc eng befreundet; trat 1922 zum Katholizismus über. Seine Werke, die alle literarische Gattungen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Chesterton — [ches′tər tən] G(ilbert) K(eith) 1874 1936; Eng. writer …   English World dictionary

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