Chew

Chew
There are three possible sources of this unusual name of medieval English origin, the first being that it is a locational name from either of two places in Somerset, Chew Magna and Chew Stoke which are first recorded as "Ciw" in 1065 and "Chiwe" in the Domesday Book of 1086, and derive from a British (pre Roman) river name "Chew", which may have as its source the Welsh "cyw" which means a young animal; or a place in Yorkshire or Lancashire, so called from the Old English "ceo", fish gill (used in the transferred sense of a ravine). However, Chew may also have been a nickname for a talkative person, from the Old English "ceo", a bird related to the crow and jackdaw. Amongst the early recordings in Yorkshire are the christenings of Elinora Chew on July 18th 1619 at Maltby near Rotherham, and Henry Chew on July 8th 1660 at Gisburn. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Alicia Chew (marriage to Thomas Forest), which was dated January 27th 1579, in Giggleswick, Yorkshire, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1, "Good Queen Bess", 1558 - 1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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См. также в других словарях:

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  • chew on — ˈchew on [transitive] [present tense I/you/we/they chew on he/she/it chews on present participle chewing on past tense chewed on past partic …   Useful english dictionary

  • chew — [cho͞o] vt. [ME chewen < OE ceowan, to bite, chew < IE base * gjeu , to chew > Pers ǰavidan, Ger kauen] 1. to bite and grind or crush with the teeth; masticate ☆ 2. Slang to rebuke severely; reprimand: usually with out vi. 1. to chew… …   English World dictionary

  • chew — chew; chew·er; chew·et; chew·ings; es·chew; es·chew·al; re·chew; …   English syllables

  • chew — O.E. ceowan to bite, gnaw, chew, from W.Gmc. *keuwwan (Cf. M.L.G. keuwen, Du. kauwen, O.H.G. kiuwan), from PIE root *gyeu to chew (Cf. O.C.S. ЕЅivo to chew, Lith. ЕЅiaunos jaws, Pers. javidan to chew ). Related …   Etymology dictionary

  • chew — ► VERB 1) bite and work (food) in the mouth to make it easier to swallow. 2) (chew over) discuss or consider at length. 3) (chew out) N. Amer. informal reprimand severely. ► NOUN 1) an instance of chewing. 2) …   English terms dictionary

  • chew — (ch[udd]), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Chewed} (ch[udd]d); p. pr. & vb. n. {Chewing}.] [As ce[ o]wan, akin to D. kauwen, G. kauen. Cf. {Chaw}, {Jaw}.] 1. To bite and grind with the teeth; to masticate. [1913 Webster] 2. To ruminate mentally; to meditate …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chew|y — «CHOO ee», adjective, chew|i|er, chew|i|est. requiring much chewing: »tough chewy meat. –chew´i|ness, noun …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chew — Chew, v. i. To perform the action of biting and grinding with the teeth; to ruminate; to meditate. [1913 Webster] old politicians chew wisdom past. Pope. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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