Christmas


Christmas
The medieval calendar relied on the main religious saints days to provide the festivals and entertainment, in what otherwise was for most people, a dull and structured existence. Chief among these festivals was that of Christmas, a period given over to both devotion and feasting in equal measure. The surname of Christmas can be either job-descriptive for a person responsible for arranging the annual festivity, or romantically given to one born on Christmas Day. The first recording (below) would seem to be that of a resident at a monastery, although not a monk, ad they were both celibate and non-surname bearing. To add validity to the job-descriptive background, was Gerard Christmas, who from 1619 to 1632 was the official organiser of the Lord Mayor of London's annual procession and festival. He was also a noted wood carver, particularly famous for funeral monuments! The early recordings include: Ralph Christemasse, of Suffolk, in 1191; Richard Cristemes, of Cambridge, in 1308; whilst in 1626, Thomas Christmas married Dorothie Leesie by Civil Licence in London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Roger Cristemesse, which was dated 1185, in the "Rotuli Dominus Rolls of Essex", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Christmas — Day redirects here. For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation) and Christmas Day (disambiguation). Christmas …   Wikipedia

  • Christmas — • Provides a detailed overview of the holiday from the fourth century through the modern age. Includes links to related topics Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Christmas     Christmas …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Christmas — Christ mas, n. [Christ + mass.] An annual church festival (December 25) and in some States a legal holiday, in memory of the birth of Christ, often celebrated by a particular church service, and also by special gifts, greetings, and hospitality.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Christmas — ist die englische Bezeichnung für Weihnachten und ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Christmas (Arizona) Christmas (Florida) Christmas (Michigan) Christmas (Mississippi) Christmas City (Utah) Christmas Cove (Maine) Christmas… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christmas EP — may refer to: Christmas EP (Mary Margaret O Hara EP), 1991 Christmas EP (Aaron Shust EP), 2009 Christmas EP (Seven Nations album) Christmas EP 2004, an album by Seven Nations Christmas EP (The Fray album) Christmas (Pet Shop Boys EP) Christmas… …   Wikipedia

  • Christmas Is... — Christmas Is... EP by Johnny Maestro and The Brooklyn Bridge Released 1989 Label JABB Records …   Wikipedia

  • Christmas — es una palabra inglesa utilizada por los anglosajones para referirse a la Navidad y literalmente significa Misa de Cristo. Puede referirse a: la tarjeta de felicitación navideña. Lugares Estados Unidos Christmas (Florida), en el estado de Florida …   Wikipedia Español

  • Christmas FM — is Ireland s radio station dedicated to the religious and secular festival of Christmas.[1] It is a temporary licensed station, traditionally broadcasting from the last weekend in November until the 26th of December and has operated covering… …   Wikipedia

  • christmas — ⇒CHRISTMAS, subst. masc. [En Angleterre] Fête de Noël, réjouissances qui en marquent la célébration. Dim., 25 xbre. Nous avons eu ici l autre jour notre petit christmas d enfants pauvres (HUGO, Correspondance, 1863, p. 459). Rem. Attesté aussi au …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Christmas — late O.E. Cristes mæsse, from CHRIST (Cf. Christ) (but retaining the original vowel sound) + MASS (Cf. mass) (n.2). Written as one word from mid 14c. Father Christmas first attested in a carol attributed to Richard Smart, Rector of Plymtree… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Christmas — Christmas, FL U.S. Census Designated Place in Florida Population (2000): 1162 Housing Units (2000): 446 Land area (2000): 3.572145 sq. miles (9.251812 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.572145 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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