Clay


Clay
This interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and has two possible sources. Firstly, the surname may be a topographical name for someone who lived in an area of clay soil, deriving from the Olde English pre 7th Century "claeg", clay. Topographical surnames were among the earliest created, since both natural and man-made features in the landscape provided easily recognisable distinguishing names in the small communities of the Middle Ages. In some instances the surname may be an occupational name for someone who worked in a clay pit, or worked with clay, for examples someone who built with wattle and daub. Job descriptive surnames originally denoted the actual occupation of the namebearer, and later became hereditary. The surname is first recorded in the latter half of the 12th Century (see below), and can also be found as Claye. Reginald de la Claie is noted in the Pipe Rolls of Essex (1200), and Nicholas del Clay is listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Yorkshire (1302). On February 6th 1568, Richard Clay was christened at St. Andrew by the Wardrobe, London, and Charles, son of John Clay, was christened on December 27th 1581 at St. Dunstan's, Stepney, London. A Coat of Arms granted to the family is a shield divided per pale green and black, with an ermine lion rampant between three silver escallops, the Crest being a lion's head divided per pale green and black charged with a silver escallop. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Ralph de Clai, which was dated 1172, in the "Pipe Rolls of Suffolk", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Synonyms:
(consisting principally of alumina and silica) / (of man, as perishable), , , ,


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clay — bezeichnet: Clay Mathematics Institute, ein Mathematikinstitut Clay Research Award, ein Mathematikpreis Clay (Industrieplastilin), einen Werkstoff für den Modellbau Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Clay (Alabama) Clay (Arkansas) Clay… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clay — (kl[=a]), n. [AS. cl[=ae]g; akin to LG. klei, D. klei, and perh. to AS. cl[=a]m clay, L. glus, gluten glue, Gr. gloio s glutinous substance, E. glue. Cf. {Clog}.] 1. A soft earth, which is plastic, or may be molded with the hands, consisting of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Clay — puede referirse a: Lugares: Clay, lugar designado por el censo ubicado en el condado de Jefferson en el estado estadounidense de Alabama. Clay, lugar designado por el censo ubicado en el condado de Sacramento en el estado estadounidense de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • clay — clay; clay·den; clay·ey; clay·i·ness; clay·ish; clay·man; clay·more; clay·o·quot; clay·ton; clay·to·nia; clay·ver grass; clay·ey·ness; …   English syllables

  • Clay — Clay, AL U.S. Census Designated Place in Alabama Population (2000): 4947 Housing Units (2000): 1683 Land area (2000): 10.311680 sq. miles (26.707128 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.033070 sq. miles (0.085652 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.344750 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Clay — Clay, Cassius Clay, Henry * * * (as used in expressions) Cassius (Marcellus) Clay Clay, Cassius Marcellus Clay, Henry Clay, Lucius D(uBignon) Frick, Henry Clay …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CLAY (H.) — CLAY HENRY (1777 1852) Né en Virginie dans une famille de la petite bourgeoisie, Henry Clay devient avocat à vingt ans. Il s’établit au Kentucky où il mène une carrière professionnelle pleine de succès et une carrière politique au cours de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • clay — O.E. clæg stiff, sticky earth; clay, from W.Gmc. *klaijaz (Cf. O.H.G. kliwa bran, Ger. Kleie, O.Fris. klai clay, O.S. klei, M.Du. clei, Dan. klæg; O.E. clæman, O.N. kleima, O.H.G. kleiman …   Etymology dictionary

  • clay|ey — «KLAY ee», adjective, clay|i|er, clay|i|est. 1. of or like clay. 2. covered or smeared with clay …   Useful english dictionary

  • Clay — Clay, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Clayed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Claying}.] 1. To cover or manure with clay. [1913 Webster] 2. To clarify by filtering through clay, as sugar. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Clay —   [kleɪ],    1) Cassius, amerikanischer Boxer, Muhammad Ali.    2) Henry, amerikanischer Politiker, * Hanover County (Virginia) 12. 4. 1777, ✝ Washington (D. C.) 29. 6. 1852; Jurist, spielte als Kongressabgeordneter (1811 14, 1815 21, 1823 25),… …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.