Cockle


Cockle
This name has two possible derivations, the first from the early Medieval English or Olde French "cokille" which means "a shell" or "cockle". This surname may have been applied to pilgrims to the Shrine of St. James of Compostella who sewed shells on their clothes as a sign of pilgrimage. A cockle-hat (with a shell stuck on it) was also worn as a sign of pilgrimage. The second possibility is that Cockle is a locational name (of Cockhill) from a spot thus named in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The name has been corrupted to Cowgill or Cockell in some directories. Margery Cockel was christened at Croston, Lancashire on October 3rd 1550, while Joan Cocle married Owen Lewes at Staplehurst, Kent on January 4th 1557. Richard Cockill married Joan Daie at Pembury Kent on October 14th 1565. Sir James Cockle (1819 - 1895) a notable namebearer was Chief Justice of Queensland (1863 - 1879) and a noted mathematician who was knighted in 1869. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Thomas Cockel, which was dated 1198, in the "Pipe Rolls of Northampton", during the reign of Richard 1, known as "Richard the Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Cockle — Coc kle (k[o^]k k l), n. [OE. cockes cockles, AS. s[=ae]coccas sea cockles, prob, from Celtic; cf. W. cocs cockles, Gael. cochull husk. Perh. influenced by F. coquille shell, a dim. from the root of E. conch. Cf. {Coach}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) A bivalve …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cockle — cockle1 [käk′əl] n. [ME cokel < OFr coquille, a blister, shell, cockle, altered (infl. by coq, COCK1) < L conchylium < Gr konchylion, shellfish < konchē: see CONCH] 1. any of a family (Cardiidae) of edible, marine bivalve mollusks… …   English World dictionary

  • Cockle — Coc kle, n. [AS. coccel, cocel; cf. Gael. cogall tares, husks, cockle.] (Bot.) (a) A plant or weed that grows among grain; the corn rose ({Luchnis Githage}). (b) The {Lotium}, or darnel. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cockle — may refer to: Cockle (bivalve), a group of edible saltwater clams (marine molluscs) Lolium temulentum, a tufted grass plant Berwick cockles, a confectionery from Scotland Cockleshell The Mark II canoes used in Operation Frankton in 1942 The… …   Wikipedia

  • Cockle — Coc kle, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Cockled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Cockling}.] [Of uncertian origin.] To cause to contract into wrinkles or ridges, as some kinds of cloth after a wetting. [1913 Webster] {Cockling sea}, waves dashing against each other with …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cockle — ► NOUN 1) an edible burrowing bivalve mollusc with a strong ribbed shell. 2) (also cockleshell) literary a small shallow boat. ● warm the cockles of one s heart Cf. ↑warm the cockles of one s heart DERIVATIVES …   English terms dictionary

  • cockle — cockle1 /kok euhl/, n., v., cockled, cockling. n. 1. any bivalve mollusk of the genus Cardium, having somewhat heart shaped, radially ribbed valves, esp. C. edule, the common edible species of Europe. 2. any of various allied or similar mollusks …   Universalium

  • cockle — [14] The cockle is related etymologically to another mollusc, the conch: they both began life in Greek kónkhē – which meant ‘mussel’ as well as ‘conch’. From this was formed the diminutive konkhúlion ‘small variety of conch’ – hence ‘cockle’. The …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • cockle — [14] The cockle is related etymologically to another mollusc, the conch: they both began life in Greek kónkhē – which meant ‘mussel’ as well as ‘conch’. From this was formed the diminutive konkhúlion ‘small variety of conch’ – hence ‘cockle’. The …   Word origins

  • cockle — dirvinė raugė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Gvazdikinių šeimos vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Agrostemma githago), paplitęs Europoje ir šiaurės Afrikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Agrostemma githago angl. cockle; common corn cockle; corn cockle;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)