Crooke


Crooke
This unusual and interesting name has two possible related, origins. The first of these is a medieval topographical surname, denoting residence from the Middle English word 'crok', from the Olde Norse 'krokr'. The name may also be a metonymic occupational surname for a maker, seller, or user of hooks, derived from the same source. The second possible origin is from the Olde Norse nickname 'krokr', meaning 'crooked' or 'bent', and originally used of someone with a hunch back, although it was already being used as a personal name in the early Middle Ages in England. On January 21st 1588, Thomas Crooke married Ellen Barnefeeld at St. Dunstan's, Stepney and William Crooke married Ann Powell, on October 7th 1618 at St. Mary Aldermary, London. One William Crooke was an early emigrant to America, leaving London on the 'Thomas and John' in June 1635, bound for Virginia. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Rainald Croc, which was dated 1086, The Domesday Book, Hampshire, during the reign of King William 1, The Conqueror, 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crooke — is a surname which can refer to the following people: Alastair Crooke (b. 1950), a British diplomat and Middle East expert David Crooke (b.1966), an Australian legend Andrew Crooke and William Cooke, 17th century London publishers Philip S.… …   Wikipedia

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  • Crooke — Arthur, English pathologist, *1905. See C. granules, under granule, C. hyaline change, C. hyaline degeneration …   Medical dictionary

  • Crooke — /krʊk/ (say krook) noun Ray Austin, born 1922, Australian landscape painter …   Australian English dictionary

  • Crooke changes — Crooke Russell changes Crooke hyalinization …   Medical dictionary

  • Crooke hyaline degeneration — Crooke hyalinization …   Medical dictionary

  • Crooke-Zelle — Zahlreiche Crooke Zellen in einem sogenannten Crooke Zelladenom. Hämatoxylin Eosin Färbung. 400x …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crooke hyalinization — degeneration of pituitary gland corticotrophs, with loss of specific granulation and progressive hyalinization, seen in the presence of elevated plasma corticosteroid levels of any cause. Called also Crooke or Crooke Russell changes and Crooke… …   Medical dictionary

  • Crooke-Russell basophils — the basophils in Crooke hyaline degeneration; see under degeneration …   Medical dictionary

  • Crooke cells — the pituitary corticotrophs seen in Crooke hyalinization …   Medical dictionary


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