Daine


Daine
This rather unusual surname is of early medieval English origin, and is from a nickname for a worthy and honourable citizen, probably an Alderman or Burgess of the town. The name is derived from the Middle English (1200 - 1500) "d(e)igne, deyn(e), dain(e)", worthy, fitting, from the Old French "digne", originally from the Latin "dignus". This is an example of that sizeable group of early European surnames that were gradually created from the habitual use of nicknames. The nicknames were given in the first instance with reference to a variety of characteristics, such as physical attributes or peculiarities, mental and moral characteristics, supposed resemblance to an animal's or bird's appearance or disposition, or to habits of dress. The first recording (see below) is from this source. However, the surname may also be locational from a minor, unrecorded, or now "lost" place called Dane, thought to have been in Kent due to the prevalence of recordings from that county. The placename is derived from the Olde English pre 7th Century "dence", the Middle English "dene", meaning a valley. The first recording from this source is of one Richard de la Dane in the 1273 Hundred Rolls of Kent. Gilbert Dain was recorded as a christening witness at St. Andrew's, Holborn, London, on February 17th 1643. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert le Dine, which was dated 1201, in the "Pipe Rolls of Surrey", during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • daine — [ dɛn ] n. f. • 1387; de daim ♦ Rare Femelle du daim. ● daine nom féminin Daim femelle. ● daine ou daisne nom masculin Dans une mine, banc de terrain situé au dessous de la veine exploitée. Partie inférieure d une galerie de mine. ● daine ou… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • dainė — dainė̃ sf. (4) Skd, dainė (1) Kv žr. daina 1: Čia senovės dainė̃ Žr. I Birutės dainė̃ yra dainiuojama Plt. Kiek aš išmokau tokių dainių̃! KlvrŽ. Išdainiavau šimtą dainių Krtn. Piktas daines dainiavai AA. Kalbos ir dainės buvo viežlybos Sz. Dainė… …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • daine — DAINE. s. f. Femelle du daim. Les Chasseurs prononcent Dine …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • daine — /dān/ (Shakespeare) same as ↑deign …   Useful english dictionary

  • Daine — Daim Daim …   Wikipédia en Français

  • daine — demi·mon·daine; mon·daine; …   English syllables

  • daine — bedaine bourdaine calembredaine daine demi mondaine dondaine fredaine mondaine soudaine …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • DAINE — s. f. La femelle du daim. Les chasseurs prononcent Dine …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • DAINE — n. f. Femelle du daim …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • daine — (dè n ) s. f. La femelle d un daim.    Les chasseurs disent dine. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Daim …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré