This interesting surname is of Norman origin, introduced into England after the Conquest of 1066, and is a locational name from "Evreux" in Eure, Normandy. The place is so called from having apparently been the capital of the "Eburovices", a Gaulish tribe. This tribal name appears in turn to derive from the river name "Ebura" (now the Eure), which may perhaps be akin to a Celtic word for the yew tree. Locational surnames were developed when former inhabitants of a place moved to another area, usually to seek work, nd were best identified by the name of their birthplace. The surname is first recorded in the latter half of the 11th Century (see below), and has many variant spellings ranging from Everist, Everix, Everiss and Evreux to Deveraux, Devereux, Devereu and Deverose. Walter de Eureus is noted in the 1159 Pipe Rolls of Herefordshire, and Stephen de Euereus is listed in the 1199 Memoranda Rolls of Worcestershire. Recordings of the surname from London Church Registers include: the marriage of Ellyn Everest and Edward Pullinger, on September 14th 1590, at St. Margaret Pattens; and the marriage of Recherd Everest and Grace Knevet, on December 19th 1605, at St. Mary Somerset. A Coat of Arms granted to the family is a shield divided per fesse blue and black, on a silver fesse indented between three silver cinquefoils, three black storks' heads erased, the Crest being upon a broken battlement proper a black stork resting the dexter foot upon a gold cinquefoil. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Roger de Ebrois, which was dated 1086, in the Domesday Book of Norfolk, during the reign of King William 1, known as "The Conqueror", 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Devereux — Ethnicity Norman French Current region Normandy Information Connected families Devereaux Name origin and meaning d Évreux …   Wikipedia

  • Devereux — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Georges Devereux (1908–1985), US amerikanischer Ethno Psychoanalytiker James Devereux (1903–1988), US amerikanischer Brigadegeneral Robert Devereux, 2. Earl of Essex (1566–1601), britischer Politiker und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DEVEREUX (G.) — Georges DEVEREUX 1908 1985 Né à Lugós, petite ville de Transylvanie alors hongroise, d’un père avocat socialiste, homme tranquille et doux, et d’une mère germanophile, Georges Devereux était âgé de dix ans lorsque, sa région devenant partie… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Devereux — m English (esp. U.S.): transferred use of a surname, which was originally a Norman baronial name derived (with fused preposition de) from Evreux in the département of Eure. It was the family name of the 16th century earls of Essex; Robert… …   First names dictionary

  • Devereux —   [dəvə rø], Georges, ungarischer Arzt, Psychoanalytiker und Ethnologe, * Lugos (heute Nyírlugos, Bezirk Szabolcs Szatmár) 13. 9. 1908, ✝ Paris 30. 5. 1985; Studium in Paris, ethnologische Forschungen bei den Hopi Indianern (USA), seit 1963… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Devereux — [dev′ə ro͞o΄, dev′əro͞oks΄] Robert see ESSEX1 2d Earl of …   English World dictionary

  • Devereux — /dev euh rooh /, n. Robert, 2nd Earl of Essex, 1566 1601, British statesman, soldier, and courtier of Queen Elizabeth I. * * * (as used in expressions) Essex Robert Devereux 2nd earl of Essex Robert Devereux 3rd earl of Essex Walter Devereux 1st… …   Universalium

  • Devereux — (as used in expressions) Essex, Robert Devereux, 2 conde de Essex, Robert Devereux, 3 conde de Essex, Walter Devereux, 1 conde de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dévereux — Famille Dévereux Dévereux, famille noble de l Angleterre paraît tirer son nom de la ville d Évreux en Normandie. Elle a fourni plusieurs comtes d Essex, et plusieurs vicomtes d Hereford. Source Cet article comprend des extraits du Dictionnaire… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Devereux — biographical name Robert 1566 1601 2d Earl of Essex English soldier & courtier …   New Collegiate Dictionary

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.