- This interesting and unusual name, introduced after the 1066 Conquest by William 1, is the result of the Anglicization of the Norman, Old French, word "arblaster" or "arbalestier", meaning a crossbowman. The derivation is from the Latin "arcuballistarius", a compound of "arcus", bow, and "ballista", a catapult. The name was used both as an occupational name for a soldier trained to use one of these weapons, and as a term denoting the category of a feudal tenant in sergeantry, that is, holding their lands in return for providing armed service with a crossbow. Job-descriptive surnames originally denoted the actual occupation of the namebearer, and later became hereditary.The surname is distinguished by being first recorded in the Domesday Book of 1066 (see below), and the development since then has included: Richard le Arbelaster (1198, Rutland), and Ralph Alebaster (circa 1200, Essex). The modern form include: Alabaster, Alabastar, Albisser and Arblaster. An interesting namebearer, recorded in the "Dictionary of National Biography", was William Alabaster (1567 - 1646), who was a famous Latin Scholar and Chaplain to the Earl of Essex during his attack on Cadiz in 1596. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robertus Arbalistarius, which was dated 1086, in the Domesday Book, during the reign of King William 1, known as "The Conqueror", 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
arblaster — arˈbalester, arˈbalister or arˈblaster noun A crossbowman • • • Main Entry: ↑arbalest … Useful english dictionary
David Arblaster — The Honourable David Arblaster Minister for Culture, Sport and Recreation In office 23 January 1976 – 14 May 1976 … Wikipedia
Bill Arblaster — Football player infobox| playername= Bill Arblaster fullname = William J. Arblaster nickname = dateofbirth = 1900 dateofdeath= unknown cityofdeath= unknown cityofbirth = Darlaston countryofbirth = England countryofdeath =presumably England height … Wikipedia
Richard Verstegen — Illustration, attribuée à Jan Wierix … Wikipédia en Français
La flecha negra — Para otros usos véase Flecha Negra La flecha negra Tapa de la primera edición … Wikipedia Español
Iridio — Osmio ← Iridio → Platino Rh … Wikipedia Español
Iridium — (pronEng|ɪˈrɪdiəm) is a chemical element that has the symbol Ir and atomic number 77. A very hard, brittle, silvery white transition metal of the platinum family, iridium is the second densest element and is the most corrosion resistant metal,… … Wikipedia
William Tyndale — Tyndale redirects here. For the English family, see Tyndall. For other uses, see Tyndale (disambiguation). Infobox Person name = William Tyndale caption = Protestant reformer and Bible translator birth date = c. 1494 birth place = Gloucestershire … Wikipedia
Bible translations — The Bible has been translated into many languages from the biblical languages of Hebrew and Greek. The very first translation of the Hebrew Bible was into Greek, the Septuagint (LXX), which later became the accepted text of the Old Testament in… … Wikipedia
German Bible translations — German translations of the Bible existed already in the Middle Ages. Nonetheless, due to their antiquated language, their uncritical revision, and sometimes childish glosses, none of them became so influential as Luther’s translation, which… … Wikipedia