Fetter


Fetter
This most interesting and unusual surname has two possible derivations. Firstly, it may be of Anglo-Saxon origin, deriving from the Anglo-French, Middle English "faitour", a doer or maker, which may have been a nickname given to someone who made things, possibly a carpenter. A second possible explanation is that the surname is a variant of the English name "Fitter", of unknown derivation, as the word "fitter", a workman, appears only in the 19th Century, while the verb "to fit" is not recorded in a relevant sense until the 16th Century. In northern dialects the term meant one "who vends and loads coals, fitting ships with cargoes", while another source suggests that "fitter", was applied to a carpenter. From this source, the name first appears in the late 12th Century (see below), while from the former source, the first recording is a Walter le Faytour, mentioned in 1255, in the Charters of the Monastery of Ramsey (Berkshire). Adam le Feytur is recorded in 1272 in the Feet of Fines of Staffordshire. Willmott Feator was christened on November 11th 1570 at Woodbury, Devonshire, and Bridgett Faytor was christened, here also, on August 20th 1557. William Fayter married Margaret Bastine at Harford, Devonshire, on November 17th 1613. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Geoffrey le Fittere, which was dated 1195, in the "Pipe Rolls of Warwickshire", during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "The Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Fetter — Fet ter (f[e^]t t[ e]r), n. [AS. fetor, feter; akin to OS. feter[=o]s, pl., OD. veter, OHG. fezzera, Icel. fj[ o]turr, L. pedica, Gr. pe dh, and to E. foot. [root] 77. See {Foot}.] [Chiefly used in the plural, {fetters}.] 1. A chain or shackle… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fetter — Fet ter, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Fettered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Fettering}.] 1. To put fetters upon; to shackle or confine the feet of with a chain; to bind. [1913 Webster] My heels are fettered, but my fist is free. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. To… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fetter — Fetter, Adolf von, preuß. General, geb. 27. Juli 1846 in Köln, wurde 1865 Leutnant, besuchte 1869–1873 mit Unterbrechung durch den Krieg die Kriegsakademie, war zur Dienstleistung beim Großen Generalstab befehligt, wirkte als Lehrer an der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • fetter — I noun bond, bridle, catena, chain, check, compes, confinement, constraint, control, curb, detention, deterrence, deterrent, disadvantage, encumbrance, gyve, hamper, handicap, hindrance, impediment, imprisonment, incarceration, inhibition,… …   Law dictionary

  • fetter — vb shackle, *hamper, trammel, clog, manacle, hog tie Analogous words: *hinder, impede, obstruct, block, bar, dam: *restrain, curb, check: baffle, balk, thwart, foil, *frustrate: bind, *tie Contrasted words: * …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • fetter — [v] tie up, hold bind, chain, check, clog, confine, cuff, curb, drag feet, encumber, hamper, hamstring*, handcuff, hang up, hinder, hobble, hog tie*, hold captive, leash, manacle, put straitjacket on*, repress, restrain, restrict, shackle, throw… …   New thesaurus

  • fetter — ► NOUN 1) a chain or shackle placed around a prisoner s ankles. 2) a restraint or check. ► VERB 1) restrain with fetters. 2) (be fettered) be restricted. ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • fetter — [fet′ər] n. [ME feter < OE < base of fot, FOOT, akin to Ger fessel] 1. a shackle or chain for the feet 2. anything that holds in check; restraint vt. [ME feterien < OE (ge)feterian] 1. to bind with fetters; shackle; chain …   English World dictionary

  • fetter — {{11}}fetter (n.) O.E. fetor chain or shackle for the feet, from P.Gmc. *fetero (Cf. O.S. feteros (pl.), M.Du. veter fetter, in modern Dutch lace, string, O.H.G. fezzera, O.N. fiöturr, Swed. fjätter), from PIE root *ped foot (see FOOT (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • fetter — UK [ˈfetə(r)] / US [ˈfetər] verb [transitive] Word forms fetter : present tense I/you/we/they fetter he/she/it fetters present participle fettering past tense fettered past participle fettered 1) literary to limit someone s freedom to do what… …   English dictionary

  • fetter — [OE] Etymologically, fetters are shackles for restraining the ‘feet’. The word comes from prehistoric Germanic *feterō, which derived ultimately from the same Indo European base, *ped , as produced English foot. The parallel Latin formation,… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins