Gillingham


Gillingham
This interesting surname is of English locational origin from places in Dorset, Norfolk and Kent, so called from the Old English pre 7th Century "Gythlingaham" and translating as "the homestead, (Old English "ham"), of the people of Gythla". Gythla is a personal name of great antiquity, containing the element "gyth", battle, but ultimately going back to "Geatas", the Scandinavian people to whom Beowulf belonged. The first mentioned place appeared as "Gillingaham" in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle relating to Dorset, dated 1016, whereas the Norfolk placename was initially recorded as Gelingeham in Ancient Charters of that County, dated 1107-1118. Gillingham in Kent was noted as Gelingeham in the Domesday book of 1086. The surname first appears on record in the latter part of the 13th Century, (see below). Other early recordings include Gild de Gillingham, (Dorset, 1274) and Richard de Gillyngham, (Somerset, 1327). A coat of arms granted to the Gillingham family depicts a gold central band between three silver swans on a blue shield. A right arm, clothed in black with a silver cuff, and holding up a sword "enfiled with a leopard's face" is on the crest. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert de Gyllingham, which was dated 1273, "the Hundred Rolls of Norfolk", during the reign of King Edward 1, "the Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gillingham — is the name of several places in the United Kingdom and the USA: * Gillingham, Dorset (pronounced with a hard G mdash; IPAEng|ˈgɪlɪŋəm mdash; like the word guilty ) **Gillingham (Dorset) railway station **Gillingham Town F.C., association… …   Wikipedia

  • Gillingham FC — Gillingham Football Club Gillingham FC Club fondé le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gillingham — puede referirse a: Gillingham, localidad en el condado de Dorset (Inglaterra), con 9 323 habitantes. Gillingham, localidad en el condado de Kent (Inglaterra), con 99 773 habitantes. Gillingham Football Club, equipo de fútbol con sede en la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gillingham — (spr. gilling ĕm), 1) Marktstadt in Dorsetshire (England), am Stour, 6 km nordwestlich von Shaftesbury, mit (1901) 3380 Einw. – 2) Stadtgemeinde in der engl. Grafschaft Kent, am Medway, nordöstlich von Chatham, mit vielen Obstgärten (besonders… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gillingham — (spr. gíllingämm), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Kent, am Medway, (1901) 42.530 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gillingham —   [ dʒɪlɪȖəm], Stadt in der County Kent, Südostengland, am Ästuar des Medway, Nachbarstadt von Chatham, 94 200 Einwohner; Marinehafen und werft, Leichtindustrie.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gillingham F.C. — For the football team based in Dorset, see Gillingham Town F.C. Gillingham …   Wikipedia

  • Gillingham F.C. — FC Gillingham Voller Name Gillingham Football Club Gegründet 1893 Stadion Priestfield Stadium …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gillingham — 51.3858333333330.54833333333335 Koordinaten: 51° 23′ N, 0° 33′ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gillingham — 51° 22′ 45″ N 0° 32′ 59″ E / 51.3792, 0.5498 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gillingham — 1 Original name in latin Gillingham Name in other language Dzhillingem, Dzilingam, Dzilingamas, Dilingamas, Gillingham, Џилингам, Джиллингем, State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.38914 latitude 0.54863 altitude 31 Population… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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