Grain


Grain
This interesting name, with variant spellings Grayne and Gra(i)ne, has two possible origins; the first being from the Olde Norse personal or nickname "Grein" (literally meaning "branch"), and preserved in such place names as Grainsby in Lincolnshire, which was recorded as "Grenesbi" in the Domesday Book of 1086. The surname adopted from "Grein" or "Grain" is first recorded in the latter half of the 14th Century (see below). On October 4th 1556, Agnis Grayne married a John Shearle in St. Leonard's, Eastcheap, London. The second possibility is that the name is locational from the Isle of Grain in Kent, recorded as "Grein" in the Charter Rolls of that county, dated 1205, and as "Gren" in the 1232 Charter Rolls. On January 4th 1596, Jane Graine and Isaac Greenstreet were married in Canterbury, Kent, and on December 8th 1648, Thomas, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Grain, was christened in St. Dunstan's, Stepney, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Thomas Grayne, which was dated 1379, in the "Poll Tax Returns of Yorkshire", during the reign of King Richard 11, known as "Richard of Bordeaux", 1377 - 1399. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • grain — [ grɛ̃ ] n. m. • v. 1160; lat. granum → graine I ♦ 1 ♦ Fruit comestible des graminées. Le grain des céréales est un caryopse. Grain de blé, de maïs, de mil, de riz, d orge. Ôter les grains d un épi. ⇒ égrener. Menuis. GRAIN D ORGE. Assemblage à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Grain — (gr[=a]n), n. [F. grain, L. granum, grain, seed, small kernel, small particle. See {Corn}, and cf. {Garner}, n., {Garnet}, {Gram} the chick pea, {Granule}, {Kernel.}] [1913 Webster] 1. A single small hard seed; a kernel, especially of those… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • grain — Grain, m. monosyllab. Est ce qui vient en l espi, contenant farine. Granum fromenti, hordei, siliginis, auenae, et semblables. Ainsi en bail à moison de grain on dit, Moyennant dix muyds de grain, les deux parts bled, le tiers avoine. Et selon ce …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • grain — [greın] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(food)¦ 2¦(lines in wood etc)¦ 3¦(small piece)¦ 4 a grain of something 5 against the grain 6¦(measure)¦ ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ [Date: 1200 1300; : Old French; Origin: Latin granum seed ] 1.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Grain — симметричный алгоритм синхронного потокового шифрования, ориентированный, в первую очередь на аппаратную реализацию. Шифр представлен на конкурсе eSTREAM в 2004 году Мартином Хеллом, Томасом Юханссоном и Вилли Мейером. Алгоритм стал одним из… …   Википедия

  • grain — [ greın ] noun ** 1. ) uncount the seeds from crops such as wheat, rice, or CORN that are used for food: bags of mixed grain a ) uncount food crops such as wheat, rice, or CORN: golden fields of grain b ) count an individual seed from one of… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • grain — [grān] n. [ME greyne < OFr grein, a seed, grain (< L granum, a seed, kernel) & grainne, seed or grain collectively (< LL grana, fem., orig. pl. of L granum) < IE base * ĝer , to become ripe > CORN1, KERNEL] 1. a small, hard seed or …   English World dictionary

  • GRAIN — is an international non governmental organization based in Barcelona, Spain, which works toward sustainable agriculture. It was formed upon the realization that the genetic diversity of the world s food crops has been drastically eliminated. Very …   Wikipedia

  • Grain — 〈[ grɛın] m. 6; bei Zahlenangaben Pl.: 〉 1. älteres kleines Juwelengewicht, 1/4 Karat 2. Gewichts u. Maßeinheit in Großbrit. u. den USA, 0,0648 g [frz. u. engl., „Korn“ <lat. granum „Korn“] * * * I Grain   [greɪn; englisch »Korn«] der, s/ ( …   Universal-Lexikon

  • grain — ► NOUN 1) wheat or other cultivated cereal used as food. 2) a single seed or fruit of a cereal. 3) a small, hard particle of a substance such as sand. 4) the smallest unit of weight in the troy and avoirdupois systems, equal to 1 / 5760 of a… …   English terms dictionary

  • grain|y — «GRAY nee», adjective, grain|i|er, grain|i|est. 1. like the grain of wood or marble. 2. grainlike; granular: »a grainy surface …   Useful english dictionary


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