This interesting surname recorded in some two hundred forms from Martin and Martini to Marti and Martinovich, is of Roman origin. It derives from "Mars", the god of fertility and war, although it is claimed that "Mars" itself may derive ultimately from the word "mar", meaning "to gleam". The original given name has been used in every state in Europe since the 12th century crusades to free the Holy Land from the Moslems. However the main impetus which gave the name such popularity was as a result of the good works of the 14th Century Saint Martin of Tours, in France. It is sais that Martin is one of the few saints names which the protestants accepted after the reformation. There are many patronymic forms such as Martinez (Spanish) or Martenssen (Swedish), and diminutives such as Martineau (France) and Martinelli (Italian). Curiously the Polish spellings of Marcinkowski and Marciszewski are locational, originating from a town called Martin, as is the Czech Martinovsky. Examples of the surname recordings taken from authentic registers of the period include John Martin of Plymouth, England, who was navigator to Sir Francis Drake, on his first "Round the World" voyage of 1577, whilst Christopher Martin was a member of the Pilgrim Fathers in 1620. Suarez Martinez was christened at Asuncion, Mexico, on October 2md 1774, whilst Jack Martinet was registered at Berkeley, California on September 27th 1909, and Jeffrey Lynn Martineau at Los Angelos on April 10th 1948. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Walter Martin, which was dated 1166, in the charters of the county of Northampton, England, during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Martensen — ist der Familienname von folgenden Personen: Hans Lassen Martensen (1808–1884), dänischer Theologe und lutherischer Bischof Hans Ludvig Martensen (* 1927), Altbischof von Kopenhagen und Teilnehmer der letzten Sitzungsperiode des Zweiten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Martensen —   [ mardənsən], Hans Lassen, dänischer lutherischer Theologe, * Flensburg 19. 8. 1808, ✝ Kopenhagen 3. 2. 1884; seit 1840 Professor für systematische Theologie in Kopenhagen, seit 1854 Bischof von Seeland. Martensen entwarf ein spekulativ… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Martensen — Martensen, Hans Lassen, namhafter dän. Theolog, geb. 19. Aug. 1808 in Flensburg, gest. 4. Febr. 1884 in Kopenhagen, wirkte als Professor der Theologie in Kopenhagen, seit 1845 auch als Hofprediger und seit 1854 zugleich als Bischof von Seeland.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Martensen — Martensen, Hans Lassen, dän. Theolog, geb. 19. Aug. 1808 zu Flensburg, 1840 Prof. zu Kopenhagen, 1854 Erzbischof von Seeland, gest. 3. Febr. 1884 zu Kopenhagen; Hauptwerke: »Christl. Dogmatik« (deutsch, 4. Aufl. 1897), »Christl. Ethik« (6. Aufl.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Martensen — patronymische Bildung auf sen zu Marten (Martin) …   Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen

  • Martensen, Hans Lassen — (1808–84)    Bishop and Theologian.    Martensen was born in Flensburg, Denmark, and was educated at the University of Copenhagen where he became Professor of Systematic Theology in 1840. In 1854, he was consecrated Bishop of Zealand. He is… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • MARTENSEN, HANS LASSEN —    bishop of Copenhagen, a distinguished theologian; author of Meister Eckhart, a study of mediæval mysticism, Christliche Dogmatic and Christliche Ethic ; was a Hegelian of a conservative type (1808 1884) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Hans Larsen Martensen — Hans Lassen Martensen, 1808–1884 Hans Lassen Martensen (* 9. August 1808 in Flensburg; † 4. Februar 1884 in Kopenhagen) war ein dänischer Theologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hans Lassen Martensen — Hans Lassen Martensen, 1808–1884 Hans Lassen Martensen (* 9. August 1808 in Flensburg; † 4. Februar 1884 in Kopenhagen) war ein dänischer Theologe und lutherischer Bischof. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hans Lassen Martensen — (August 19, 1808 – February 3, 1884) was a Danish divine and academic. Early life Martensen was born in a middle class Lutheran family in Flensburg, Duchy of Schleswig (now Germany), as their only son. At that time Flensburg was a duchy between… …   Wikipedia