Lattimore


Lattimore
This ancient name is of Old French origin, introduced into England by the Normans after the Conquest of 1066, and is an occupational surname for a clerk or keeper of records in Latin. The name derives from the Old French (and later Anglo-Norman French) "latinier", latim(m)ier", interpreter, literally "a speaker of Latin", ultimately from the Latin "latimarus, latinarius". A late medieval English dictionary, the "Promptorium arvulorum", defines a "latonere", as ... "he that usythe Latyn speche". During the Middle Ages Latin was effectively the only language used for official documents, and the position of "Latiner" or "Latimer" was therefore a skilled and important one. Latin was displaced in England only gradually by the vernacular, firstly Anglo-Norman French, and eventually English. The surname is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 in its Latinized form: Ralph Latimarus (Essex), and Hugo Latinarius, Interpres (Hampshire). A notable bearer of the name was Hugh Latimer (1485 - 1555), the Protestant bishop; he was burnt at the stake for heresy under "Bloody" May 1 of England. An early example of the name from London Church Registers is that of the christening of Josua Latimer at St. Lawrence Pountney, on July 24th 1548. A Coat of Arms granted to a family of the name in the reign of Edward 1 (1272 - 1307) depicts, on a red shield, four black escallops on a gold cross patonce. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Gocelinus le Latimer, which was dated 1102, in the "Chartulary of the Monastery of Ramsey", Cambridgeshire, during the reign of King Henry 1, known as "The Lion of Justice", 1100 - 1135. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Lattimore — can refer to:People* Harlan Lattimore, singer with various jazz orchestras * Kenny Lattimore, American R B singer * Margaret Lattimore, opera singer * Owen Lattimore, American educator and author * Richmond Lattimore, American poet and translator …   Wikipedia

  • Lattimore — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Harlan Lattimore (1908–1980), US amerikanischer Jazz Musiker Kenny Lattimore (* 1967), US amerikanischer R B Sänger Owen Lattimore (1900–1989), US amerikanischer Autor Richmond Lattimore (1906–1984), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lattimore — Lattimore, NC U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 419 Housing Units (2000): 127 Land area (2000): 0.997808 sq. miles (2.584312 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.997808 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lattimore, NC — U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 419 Housing Units (2000): 127 Land area (2000): 0.997808 sq. miles (2.584312 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.997808 sq. miles (2.584312 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lattimore — [lat′ə môr΄] Richmond (Alexander) 1906 84; U.S. scholar, translator, & poet …   English World dictionary

  • Lattimore — I. biographical name Owen 1900 1989 American orientalist II. biographical name Richmond 1906 1984 American poet & translator …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Lattimore — /lat euh mawr , mohr /, n. Richmond Alexander, 1906 84, U.S. poet, translator, and critic, born in China. * * * …   Universalium

  • Lattimore — Lat•ti•more [[t]ˈlæt əˌmɔr, ˌmoʊr[/t]] n. big Richmond Alexander, 1906–84, U.S. poet, translator, and critic, born in China …   From formal English to slang

  • Lattimore — /lat euh mawr , mohr /, n. Richmond Alexander, 1906 84, U.S. poet, translator, and critic, born in China …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lattimore (Carolina del Norte) — Lattimore Pueblo de los Estados Unidos Ubicación en …   Wikipedia Español