Machon

Machon
Recorded in several spellings including Machan, Machans, Machon, Machun, and the unusual McHan, this appears to be a Scottish name but in fact is almost certainly Norman-French. It is first recorded in England after the 1066 Norman Conquest, and soon after in Scotland, whilst it is also recorded in Ireland from the 14th century. The Scots supported Duke William of Normandy, and many Normans were given lands in Scotland from this time. However spelt the surname is occupational and derives from the French word of the pre 10th century "machun", meaning a stone mason. Job-descriptive surnames were not at first hereditary, and in general only became so when a son folllowed his father into the same business. Amongst the very earliest of the recordings are those of Roger Mason in the register of Oseney Abbey, Oxfordshire for the year 1200, Adam Machan, who in 1203 owned lands in the Vale of Clyde, Scotland, and Thomas Machan, who was a juror on an inquest in Lanark in 1263. An interesting recording is that of John MacHans of Wigtown, Scotland, who in 1662 was fined the then enormous sum of 600 (possibly 500,000 in late 20th century inflationary money) for treasonable activities! The first recorded spelling of the family name is believed to be that of John Macun, which was dated 1130, in the "Ancient Charters of the city of London". This was during the reign of King Henry 1st, known as "The Lion of Justice", 1100 - 1135. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop", often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

См. также в других словарях:

  • mâchon — [ maʃɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1958; de mâcher ♦ Région. À Lyon, Restaurant où l on sert un repas léger; ce repas. ● mâchon nom masculin À Lyon, restaurant où l on sert un repas léger ; ce repas lui même. ● mâchon (homonymes) nom masculin mâchons forme… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Machón — (aum. de «macho2») 1 m. Constr. Pilar adosado a una pared o embutido completamente en ella, que sirve para soportar algo, por ejemplo el arranque de un arco, o para reforzar la pared. ⇒ Estantal, estribo, fenecí. ➢ Encajonar. 2 *Madero del marco… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • machón — sustantivo masculino 1. Área: arqueología Pilar adosado o incrustado en una pared reforzada: Los arcos de la catedral descansan en columnas que descargan en machones octogonales …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • machón — (Aum. de macho1). 1. m. Arq. Pilar de fábrica. 2. Carp. Madero de escuadría de cinco metros de largo …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Machón — Se llama machón al pilar de piedra, de sillería o de ladrillo que se labra a trechos en las paredes de mampostería para fortificarlas. Se distinguen los siguientes tipos de machón: Machón de mayor y menor. Se llama así al machón de ladrillo que… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Machon — For information about the program in Israel, see Machon L Madrichei Chutz La Aretz : For information about the Jewish High school see Machon AcademyMachon (fl. 3rd century BC) was a playwright of the New Comedy.He was born in Corinth or Sicyon,… …   Wikipedia

  • machón — {{#}}{{LM M24359}}{{〓}} {{SynM24960}} {{[}}machón{{]}} ‹ma·chón› {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} {{♂}}En construcción,{{♀}} pilar que sostiene un techo o un arco o que se pega o se incrusta en una pared para reforzarla: • Los machones colocados en los ángulos… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • machón — sustantivo masculino botarel, espolón, estribo, contrafuerte. * * * Sinónimos: ■ pilar, pilastra …   Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos

  • Machon Shlomo — is an Orthodox yeshiva for men located in Har Nof, Jerusalem, Israel. Its faculty and student body are mostly American, Classes are taught in English. Students usually come from the United States, Canada, Australia, Russia, and South Africa. Most …   Wikipedia

  • Machon Chana — is a private religious school for Jewish women in the Crown Heights neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York [ [http://www.machonchana.org/mcYeshiva/About/about.html Machon Chana Women s Institute] ] affiliated with the Chabad Hasidic movement. The… …   Wikipedia


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