Recorded as Maur, Maure, Mauret, Maurice (English & French), Mauro (Italian) Mauri and Mor (Portugese), Moro (Spanish) and many others, this is a surname of ultimately Roman (Latin), pre Christian origins. It is ethnic and derives from "maurus" meaning moorish, or literally dark. This was on the basis that the Moors from Morocco were dark, and they had brought themselves to world notice by conquering parts of Spain and defeating the upto then all conquering Roman army. It is therefore perhaps surprising that during the Dark Ages from the 5th to 10th century a.d, thename as Maur in its many varied forms, became a popular personal name in the days before surnames, being used in the Christian world as a baptismal name for any child with dark hair or dark complexion. Introduced into Britain by the Norman-French invaders after 1066, it was first recorded in the Latinized form as Mauricius de Edligtona in the documents of the Danelaw for the city of London in 1176, with the first recording of the the surname only shortly afterwards. This first recording of the family name anywhere in the world is believed to be that of Jasce Mauricii, and was dated 1191. It appears in the Pipe Rolls of the city of London, during the reign of King Richard 1st. He was known to history "The Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as the Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Mauro — may refer to: Surname: Michael Mauro, (b. 1948), Iowa Secretary of State Philip Mauro(1859 1952), lawyer and author Brian Mauro (1964 present), American soldier and professional pianist Given name: Fra Mauro, 15th century Venetian Camaldolese… …   Wikipedia

  • Mauro — oder Mauró ist der Name von Beatrice Weder di Mauro (* 1965), Schweizer Wirtschaftswissenschaftlerin Fra Mauro (um 1385–1459), venezianischer Mönch und Kartograf Helmut Mauró (* 1959), deutscher Journalist, Übersetzer und Musikkritiker Massimo… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mauro — hace referencia a: Apellido Beatrice Weder di Mauro, economista suiza. José Mauro de Vasconcelos, escritor brasileño. Fra Mauro, monje y cartógrafo del siglo XV autor del Mapamundi de Fra Mauro. Nombre San Mauro (Mauro de Anjou), abad de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mauro — (Rosolina Mare,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 45010 Rosolina Mare, Италия Описание: Mauro is a self catering accommodation located in Ros …   Каталог отелей

  • Mauro — m Italian: from Latin Maurus, a byname meaning ‘Moor’, i.e. ‘dark, swarthy’, borne by a dozen early saints. In the 6th century it was the name of one of the earliest followers of St Benedict, placed in the care of the monk at an early age by his… …   First names dictionary

  • mauro — adj. s. m. 1.  [Linguagem poética] Mouro. 2.  [Antigo] Maravedi …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • mauro — mauro, ra (Del lat. Maurus). adj. p. us. Natural de la antigua región africana de Mauritania …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Mauró — Helmut Mauró (* 1969 in München) ist ein deutscher Journalist, Übersetzer und Musikkritiker. Biografie Mauró ist Musikkritiker der Süddeutschen Zeitung. Er studierte Klavier bei Walter Krafft sowie Musikwissenschaft, Neuere Deutsche Literatur,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mauro — ▪ 2003 Mauro Ramos de Oliveira        Brazilian association football (soccer) player (b. Aug. 30, 1930, Pocos de Caldas, Braz. d. Sept. 18, 2002, Pocos de Caldas), was a centre half for Brazil in 23 international matches between 1949 and 1965;… …   Universalium

  • mauro — ► adjetivo/ sustantivo HISTORIA De la antigua región africana correspondiente a Mauritania. SINÓNIMO moro * * * mauro, a (del lat. «Maurus») adj. *Moro. * * * mauro, ra. (Del lat. Maurus). adj. p. us …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mauro, S. — S. Mauro, Marktflecken in der neapolitan. Provinz Basilicata, unweit der Salandretta; 3000 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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