Penrith


Penrith
This very unusual surname has absolutely nothing to do with either 'pens' or the ancient occupation of being a 'wright'. It is in fact locational and by an extraordinary sequence of dialectal transposition and plain bad spelling has managed over many centuries to change itself completely. It commenced 'life' in about the year 1290 when the name holder shown below was recorded as being 'de Penreth' (of Penrith). This assumes that the lady in question had moved from Penrith (the town in Cumbria) and was somewhere else in the county, the name of her former home being given to her as identification, even though it was spelt incorrectly. Later as the surname moved to other areas, it sometimes retained its original spelling but more often was given a 'local' twist. So that in 1308 we find the recording of Edward de Penreth as a Freeman of the City of York. By the time the name reached London the spelling had effectively split, between the original 'Penrith' and the modern 'Penright' variant. The early examples of the 'midway' spellings include Robert Pennyrett, who married Elizabeth Carter at St Pauls Church, Benets Wharf, on July 27th 1635, and Mary Penritt, the daughter of William Penritt, christened at St Peters Church, Pauls Wharf, London, on October 19th 1681. The coat of arms granted in Cumberland has the blazon of a silver field, a black chevron between three bears heads erased, muzzled red. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Beatrice de Penreth, which was dated 1292, in the Kings Rolls of the county of Cumberland, during the reign of King Edward 1, known as 'The hammer of the Scots', 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Penrith — may be:*Penrith, Cumbria, England, before 1974 in Cumberland *Penrith, New South Wales, Australia **home of the Penrith Panthers, Rugby League team **home of the Penrith Nepean United Soccer Club *Penrith Farms, Newport, Washington, USA …   Wikipedia

  • Penrith — ist der Name folgender Orte: Penrith (Cumbria) in England Penrith (Sydney), Stadtteil von Sydney, Australien Penrith City, das zugehörige Verwaltungsgebiet in Sydney Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unters …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Penrith — es una ciudad satélite de Sídney, Australia, situada 50 km al poniente del centro de Sídney en el municipio de Penrith y al oriente del río Neapan. Cuenta con 175.000 habitantes. Penrith es también un pueblo en Cumbria, en el norte de Inglaterra …   Wikipedia Español

  • Penrith —   [ penrɪθ], Stadt in der County Cumbria, Nordwestengland, am Rand des Lake District National Park, 12 200 Einwohner; Verkehrsknotenpunkt, Fremdenverkehrszentrum.   Stadtbild:   Pfarrkirche Saint Andrew, eine normannische Gründung; Ruinen von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Penrith — Penrith, Marktflecken in der englischen Grafschaft Cumberland, an der Eisenbahn von Carlisle nach Lancaster; Musselinweberei; 6700 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Penrith — (spr. pénnrĭth oder pīrith), Stadt in der engl. Grafschaft Cumberland, in dem malerischen Tal des dem Ullswater entströmenden Eamont und beim Wald von Inglewood, hat eine Schloßruine (14. Jahrh.), Eisengießereien, Sägewerke und (1901) 9182 Einw.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Penrith — Penrith, Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Cumberland, (1901) 9182 E., Textilindustrie …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Penrith F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Penrith fullname = Penrith Football Club nickname = The Blues founded = 2008 ground = The World Group Stadium Penrith capacity = chairman = manager = league = Northern League Division One season = 2007 ndash;08… …   Wikipedia

  • Penrith — 1 Original name in latin Penrith Name in other language Penrith State code AU Continent/City Australia/Sydney longitude 33.75 latitude 150.7 altitude 31 Population 11813 Date 2013 06 25 2 Original name in latin Penrith Name in other language… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Penrith — ▪ England, United Kingdom       town, Eden district, administrative county of Cumbria, historic county of Cumberland, England. It is situated on a main route to Scotland, at the foot of the 937 foot (286 metre) Penrith Beacon overlooking the… …   Universalium