Recorded in several spellings forms including Portus, Porteous, Portriss and Portress, this is arguably an Anglo-Scottish surname, but of pre medieval French origins. Introduced into England after the Norman Invasion of 1066, it derives either from the word "portus" which described someone who lived in the lodge at the entrance to a castle or manor house, from the words "port", meaning gateway or entrance, and "hous", a house, or though less likely, the name may have originated as a nickname for a hard-working man. In this case the origination is from the Old French word "porteour", and describes a porter, one who carried loads. The name is first recorded in the late 13th Century (see below), whilst Robertus de Porterhouse appears in the Poll Tax Records of Yorkshire, in 1379. The name is widespread in Scotland, where it first appears in 1443, when one John Pertus was recorded as owning lands in Fife, whilst on November 7th 1597, Agnes Porteous and John Gray were married at Edinburgh. Recordings in England include Robert Portres who married Elizabeth Bamsler at St John's Hackney, on July 8th 1599, and Ane Portriss who married Timothye Weaver at St James Clerkenwell, on June 6th 1667.The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert Portehors. This was dated 1273, in the "Hundred Rolls" register during the reign of King Edward 1st of England, 1272 - 1307. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Porteous — Porteous, Mitchell Braun Co., or simply Porteous, was a mid market department store based in Portland, Maine. Porteous was the largest department store based in Maine in the decades prior to other department store chains locating branches within… …   Wikipedia

  • porteous — noun see porteous roll * * * porteous see portas. (Common in Sc. legal use.) …   Useful english dictionary

  • porteous — noun /ˈpɔːtɪəs/ A portable breviary. And in his hand his Portesse still he bare, / That much was worne, but therein little red, / For of deuotion he had little care [...] …   Wiktionary

  • Porteous — A portable *breviary. [< OldFr. portehors < porte = carry + hors = outside] …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • porteous — por·te·ous …   English syllables

  • Porteous's Tuco-tuco — Conservation status Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1)[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Porteous family — The Porteous family is an ancient Scottish Borders armigerous family.HistoryThe earliest records for members of the Porteous family in Peeblesshire date back to the early part of the fifteenth century. The earliest possible reference, according… …   Wikipedia

  • Porteous Riots — The Porteous Riots surrounded the activities of Captain John Porteous, (ca. 1695 ndash; 1736), Captain of the City Guard of Edinburgh, Scotland, who was lynched by a mob for his part in the killing of innocent civilians while ordering the men… …   Wikipedia

  • Porteous Riots — ▪ Scottish history       (1736), celebrated riots that erupted in Edinburgh over the execution of a smuggler. The incident had Jacobite overtones and was used by Sir Walter Scott in his novel The Heart of Midlothian.       On April 14, 1736, a… …   Universalium

  • PORTEOUS MOB —    the name given a mob that collected in the city of Edinburgh on the night of the 7th September 1736, broke open the Tolbooth jail, and dragged to execution in the Grassmarket one Captain Porteous, captain of the City Guard, who on the occasion …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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