- This interesting and unusual surname with variant spellings Pretor and Preator, is an English Cognate of the German name "Praetorius", which is the Latinized form of various surnames meaning "leader" or "headman", from the Latin "praetor", the title of various officials in republican and imperial Rome, used in England in the sense of "reeve", the local representative of the king in a shire until the early 11th Century. The surname itself first appears in records in the mid 12th Century, (see below). Robertus Pretor or Praepositus was recorded in the Curia Rolls of Gloucester in 1208. On November 7th 1563, Mare, daughter of Edward Prater was christened at St. Andrew Undershaft, London while one Elizabeth Prater married Henry Sheres on August 17th 1567, at St. James Clerkenwell, London. On November 1st 1600, Grace, daughter of Robert prater was christened at St. Margaret's, Westminster, London. Thomas Prater, aged 20, who arrived in Virginia on the "Marie Prouidence" in 1622, was servant to John and Kathren Powell, aged 29 and 22, who had arrived there in 1609 and 1622, respectively. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Willelmus Pretor, which was dated 1150, in the Documents illustrative of the Social and Economic History of the Danelaw, during the reign of King Stephen, known as "Count of Blois", 1135 - 1154. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.
См. также в других словарях:
Prater — Hauptallee, principal avenida del Prater. Otros nombres Wiener Prater Tipo Parque público … Wikipedia Español
Prater — (izg. práter) m DEFINICIJA zabavni park u Beču s jednim od simbola grada Riesenradom, golemim kotačem vrteškom, s kabinama za posjetitelje ETIMOLOGIJA njem … Hrvatski jezični portal
Prater — Prat er, n. One who prates. Shak. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Prater — (vom span. Prado), ein öffentlicher Lustwald od. Spaziergang, bes. in Wien, s.d … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Prater — (v. ital. prato, »Wiese«; vgl. Prado), s. Wien … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Prater — Prater, Stadtpark in Wien … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Prater — The Wiener Prater is a large public park in Vienna s 2nd district Leopoldstadt. The name Prater derives ultimately from the Latin word pratum meaning meadow, possibly via Spanish prado . The term Prater is often used to mean the Wurstelprater… … Wikipedia
Prater — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Prater peut signifier : à Vienne en Autriche : (à Vienne Leopoldstadt) Le Prater de Vienne est un célèbre quartier / parc à Vienne en Autriche… … Wikipédia en Français
Prater — Der Begriff Prater bezeichnet: den in Wien Leopoldstadt gelegenen Wiener Prater den in Wien Favoriten gelegenen Böhmischen Prater den ältesten Biergarten Berlins, siehe Prater (Berlin) die in München gelegene Praterinsel in der Isar einen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Prater — Today a vast amusement park (Lat.: pratum = meadow) in Vienna’s Second District, the Prater was sequestered as a hunting preserve by Emperor Ferdinand I in 1560. The chief thoroughfare through the complex, the Hauptallee, had been laid out in… … Historical dictionary of Austria