Pulley


Pulley
This interesting and uncommon name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and may be either a locational or a topographical surname. As the former, it derives from either of the places called Pooley, in Warwickshire and Westmoreland (Pooley Bridge), or from a location now called Hunt's Hall in Pebmarsh, Essex, which was recorded as "Polheia" in 1086, and as "Polleheye" in 1238, and is so called from the Olde English pre 7th Century "pol", pool, deep place in a stream, and "(ge)haeg", enclosure, fence or hedge, thus "enclosure by a pool". Pooley in Warwickshire has an obscure etymology; the placename is not recorded before the 13th Century, when forms such as "Povele, Poueleye, Pouelee" and "Poleye" are found. The first element may be the Olde English "pofel", believed to denote "a small piece of land", and the second is the Olde English "leah", wood, clearing. Pooley (Bridge) in Westmoreland is "Pulhoue" in 1252, and is so called from the Olde English "pol", pool, and the Old Norse "haugr", hill, mound; hence, "hill by the pool". As a topographical surname, Pulley or Polley denoted residence near low-lying land or an enclosure by a pool, from the Olde English "pol", and either "eg", island, dry land in a fen, or "(ge)haeg", as before. William Polleye is recorded in Colchester, Essex, in 1346, and the marriage of John Pulley and Ann Little was recorded on July 24th 1593, at Little Ilford, Essex. The family Coat of Arms is per saltire gold and black. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Walter de Polhey, which was dated 1248, in the "Feet of Fines of Essex", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pulley — Pul ley, n.; pl. {Pulleys}. [F. poulie, perhaps of Teutonic origin (cf. {Poll}, v. t.); but cf. OE. poleine, polive, pulley, LL. polanus, and F. poulain, properly, a colt, fr. L. pullus young animal, foal (cf. {Pullet}, {Foal}). For the change of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pulley — ist eine US amerikanische Melodic Hardcore Band aus Kalifornien. Sie sind seit der Gründung Anfang der 1990er Jahre bei dem Plattenlabel Epitaph Records unter Vertrag. Musikalisch bieten sie seit jeher Punkrock, wobei Pulleys Art von Punkrock… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pulley — est un groupe de punk rock américain fondé en 1996 en Californie par Scott Radinsky, ancien chanteur de Ten Foot Pole et star de baseball : il a joué onze ans en MLB avec les White Sox de Chicago, les Indians de Cleveland, les Dodgers de Los …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pulley — Pul ley, v. t. To raise or lift by means of a pulley. [R.] Howell. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pulley — The noun has the plural form pulleys, and the verb (meaning ‘to work with a pulley’) has inflected forms pulleys, pulleyed, pulleying …   Modern English usage

  • pulley — early 14c., from O.Fr. polie (mid 12c.), from M.L. poliva, from Medieval Gk. *polidia, pl. of *polidion little pivot, dim. of Gk. polos pivot, axis (see POLE (Cf. pole) (2)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • pulley — ► NOUN (pl. pulleys) ▪ a wheel with a grooved rim around which a rope, chain, or belt passes, used to raise heavy weights. ORIGIN Old French polie, probably ultimately from Greek polos pivot, axis …   English terms dictionary

  • pulley — [pool′ē] n. pl. pulleys [ME poley < OFr polie < ML poleia < poledia < MGr * polidion, dim. of polos, pivot, windlass, axis: see WHEEL] 1. a small fixed wheel, sometimes turning in a block, with a grooved rim in which a rope or chain… …   English World dictionary

  • Pulley — For the band, see Pulley (band). For the village, see Pulley, Shropshire. For the American photographer, see Gerald P. Pulley. Pulley Pulleys on a ship. In this context, pulleys are usually known as blocks. Classification …   Wikipedia

  • pulley — [1] A grooved wheel carrying a string, rope, chain, or belt which turns the wheel. [2] Flat wheel with a V groove. When attached to a drive and drive members, the pulley provides a means for driving the compressor. See camshaft pulley crankshaft… …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • pulley — pulleyless, adj. /pool ee/, n., pl. pulleys. 1. a wheel, with a grooved rim for carrying a line, that turns in a frame or block and serves to change the direction of or to transmit force, as when one end of the line is pulled to raise a weight at …   Universalium