Rochford


Rochford
This surname is either of Old French or Anglo-Saxon origin. If the former, the name is locational from any of the various places in France called Rochefort, named with the Old French "roche", rock, and "fort", strong, well fortified. If the latter, Rochford is locational from either of the places in England thus called: the one north of Southend in Essex, and the other east of Tenbury in Worcestershire. The Essex place was recorded as "Rochefort" in the Domesday Book of 1086, indicating that it may have originally been granted to a Norman lord "de Rochefort" by William the Conqueror. The placename appears as "Roeheford" in the 1195 Curia Regis Rolls of that county, showing the Olde English "ford" taking precedence over the Old French "fort". Rochford in Worcestershire, recorded as "Recesford" in the Domesday Book of 1086, is so called from the Olde English pre 7th Century "raecces-ford", the ford of the hunting-dog. This Anglo-Norman surname entered Ireland both as "Rochfort" and "Rochford" in the wake of the Anglo-Norman Invasion of 1170, and was widespread in the Middle Ages, principally in Counties Meath and Kildare. Sir Richard de Rochfort was Lord of Crom and Adare (County Limerick) in 1243. A branch of the Meath family joined the Cromwellian cause, and are commemorated by the village of Rochfordbridge in County Westmeath. On December 11th 1657, Margarett Rochford and Edward Lord were married at S. Michan's Church, Dublin. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Waleram de Rocheforde, which was dated 1198, in the "Feet of Fines of Nottinghamshire", during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "Richard the Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Rochford — steht für: Rochford (District), District in der Grafschaft Essex, Vereinigtes Königreich Rochford (Essex), Stadt in der Grafschaft Essex, Vereinigtes Königreich Rochford (Worcestershire), Gemeinde in der Grafschaft Worcestershire, Vereinigtes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rochford — infobox UK place country = England official name= Rochford latitude= 51.5821 longitude= 0.7065 population = 7,610 (2001 census) static shire district= Rochford shire county = Essex region= East of England constituency westminster= Rochford and… …   Wikipedia

  • Rochford — Original name in latin Rochford Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.58198 latitude 0.70673 altitude 14 Population 16739 Date 2010 05 24 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Rochford — ▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Essex, England, bordered on the north by the Crouch estuary and on the south by the Southend on Sea urban area on the Thames estuary. The River Roach… …   Universalium

  • Rochford (district) — Rochford District   Non metropolitan district   Rochford shown within Essex Sovereign state …   Wikipedia

  • Rochford (District) — Rochford District Lage in Essex Status District Region East of England Verw.grafschaft Essex Ve …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rochford (UK Parliament constituency) — Rochford was a parliamentary constituency in Essex, centred on the town of Rochford.It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1983 until it was abolished for the 1997 general… …   Wikipedia

  • Rochford local elections — One third of Rochford Council in Essex, England is elected each year, followed by one year where there is an election to Essex County Council.Political controlCouncil electionsRochford Council election, 1998Rochford Council election, 1999Rochford …   Wikipedia

  • Rochford Council election, 2006 — Elections to Rochford Council were held on 4 May, 2006. One third of the council was up for election and the Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.After the election, the composition of the council was *Conservative 34… …   Wikipedia

  • Rochford Council election, 2007 — Elections to Rochford Council were held on 3 May, 2007. One third of the council was up for election and the Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.After the election, the composition of the council was *Conservative 32… …   Wikipedia