This famous English name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational surname deriving from any one of the various places called Rowley in Devonshire, County Durham, Staffordshire and Yorkshire. The place in Devonshire is recorded as "Rodeleia" in the Domesday Book of 1086; that in Durham was recorded as "Ruley" in 1229; Rowley in Staffordshire was found as "Roelea" in the 1173 Pipe Rolls of the county; while the Rowleys in East and West Yorkshire are both recorded as "Ruley" in 1227 and 1246 respectively. All the places share the same meaning and derivation, which is "the rough wood or clearing", from the Olde English pre 7th Century "ruh", rough, overgrown, with "leah", thin wood, glade, clearing in a wood. One Rowley family can trace their descent from a William de Roulowe, listed in the Rolls of the Guild of Shropshire merchants in 1252, while other early recordings of the name include: Geoffrey de Roweleye (1280, Worcestershire), and John Rowley (1348, Nottinghamshire). The marriage of Thomas Rowley and Agneta Watson was recorded in Edmondton, London, on July 23rd 1559. An early Coat of Arms granted to a Rowley family depicts; on an ermine shield, a gold fret, on a red chief, three gold trefoils. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William de Ruelay, which was dated 1219, witness in the "Assize Court Rolls of Yorkshire", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Rowley — may refer to:Places;Australia * Rowley Shoals in the Timor Sea;Canada * Rowley, Alberta * Rowley Island, Nunavut;United Kingdom * Rowley, East Riding of Yorkshire, England * Rowley, Shropshire, England * Rowley, London, a former parish in Barnet …   Wikipedia

  • Rowley — ist der Name mehrerer Ortschaften: Rowley (East Riding of Yorkshire) in der englischen Unitary Authority East Riding of Yorkshire Rowley (Iowa) im US amerikanischen Bundesstaat Iowa Rowley (Alberta) in der kanadischen Provinz Alberta Rowley… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rowley — Rowley, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 290 Housing Units (2000): 114 Land area (2000): 0.359655 sq. miles (0.931502 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.359655 sq. miles (0.931502 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Rowley, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 290 Housing Units (2000): 114 Land area (2000): 0.359655 sq. miles (0.931502 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.359655 sq. miles (0.931502 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Rowley, MA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Massachusetts Population (2000): 1434 Housing Units (2000): 584 Land area (2000): 1.753696 sq. miles (4.542052 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.002268 sq. miles (0.005873 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.755964 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Rowley — (spr. Rauli, der alte R.), Name, unter welchem König Karl II. von England Haupt der liederlichen Gesellschaft seiner Hauptstadt war …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Rowley — m English: variant of ROLY (SEE Roly), or a transferred use of the local surname, which originated in the Middle Ages from any of the various places named with the Old English elements rūh rough, overgrown + lēah wood or clearing …   First names dictionary

  • Rowley —   [ rəʊli], William, englischer Dramatiker und Schauspieler, * um 1585, ✝ 1642 (?); war als Schauspieler bekannt für seine komischen Rollen; schrieb zahlreiche Bühnenstücke, meist in Zusammenarbeit mit anderen Dramatikern, so mit T. Middleton,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rowley — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Le nom de Rowley est porté par plusieurs personnalités (par ordre alphabétique) : Alec Rowley (1892 1958), compositeur britannique. Anthony …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rowley — Original name in latin Rowley Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/New York longitude 42.71676 latitude 70.87866 altitude 18 Population 1416 Date 2011 05 14 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database