This ancient Scottish surname is locational in origin, from the place called "Roxburgh" near Kelso in what is now the "Borders" county of Scotland, formerly Roxburghshire. The placename is composed of Northern Olde English (pre 7th Century) elements, due to its proximity to the English county of Northumberland, and means "Hroc's fort", or "manor", derived from the Olde English byname or nickname "Hroc", from "hroc", rook, given to a person with very dark hair, with "burh, burg", fort, manor. The surname is recorded early on in Scotland; one Walter of Rokeburg witnessed charters by Richard, bishop of St. Andrew's, between 1163 - 1185, and Hugh de Roxburgh was Chancellor of the Kingdom and bishop elect of Glasgow; he died in 1199. The modern surname can be found as Roxburgh, Roxbrough, and Roxburch. A Coat of Arms granted to the Roxburgh family of Aldeburgh, Suffolk, depicts on a silver shield, a silver horse's head couped on a blue pale, in base two blue saltires, couped. The Crest is a silver horse's head, and the Motto, "Tam andax quam fidelis", translates as "As much in daring as in faith". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Adam de Rogesburg, which was dated circa 1150, charter witness in the "Records of the Monastery of Cambuskenneth", during the reign of King David 1 of Scotland, 1124 - 1153. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Roxburgh — Koordinaten 55° 34′ N, 2° 29′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roxburgh —    ROXBURGH, a parish and village, in the county of Roxburgh; containing, with the village of Hieton, 979 inhabitants, of whom 123 are in the village of Roxburgh, 4 miles (S. W.) from Kelso. This place, which in old documents is written… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Roxburgh — Rox burgh (?; Scot. ?), n. [From the third duke of Roxburgh (Scotland), a noted book collector who had his books so bound.] A style of bookbinding in which the back is plain leather, the sides paper or cloth, the top gilt edged, but the front and …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Roxburgh [1] — Roxburgh, 1) (Teviot dale), Grafschaft in Südschottland, an England grenzend, 34,75 QM.; sehr gebirgig; Flüsse: Teviot (welchem der Jed, an dessen Ufern viele Höhlen, zufällt) u. einige Nebenflüsse; rauhes Klima, an den Flüssen ziemlich fruchtbar …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Roxburgh [2] — Roxburgh, John, Herzog von R., britischer Biblioman, welcher 1811 starb. Seine Bibliothek war eine der seltensten, bes. in der Altfranzösischen u. Altenglischen Literatur; sie wurde 1812 zu ungeheuern Preisen versteigert, u. zum Gedächtniß dieses …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Roxburgh [1] — Roxburgh (spr. róxböro), Dorf in Roxburghshire (Schottland), am Tweed, 6 km südwestlich von Kelso, mit (1891) 954 Einw. Zwischen Tweed und Teviot Ruine des Schlosses R., in dem Jakob II. 1460 getötet wurde. Dabei stand früher Alt R …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Roxburgh [2] — Roxburgh (spr. róxböro), schott. Adelstitel, den Sir Robert Ker, ein eifriger Royalist, 1600 als Lord und 1616 als Graf von R. erhielt. John Ker, der fünfte Graf, wurde 1707 zum Herzog von R. erhoben, und mit dem vierten Herzog, William Ker,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Roxburgh — (spr. börrŏ), auch Teviotdale, Grafschaft in Südschottland, 1723 qkm, (1901) 48.793 E.; Hauptstadt Jedburgh …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Roxburgh — (Raksborgh) od. Teviotdale (Tiwwiotdehl), südschott. Grafschaft, ziemlich fruchtbares Hügelland mit 51000 E. auf 333/4 QM. Die Hauptstadt Jedburgh (Dschedbörgh) hat 3700 E.; unweit davon, am Tweed, die Ruinen von R. Castle …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Roxburgh —   [ rɔksbərə], ehemalige County in Südschottland, seit 1996 Teil des Verwaltungsdistrikts Scottish Borders.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Roxburgh — [räks′bə reshir΄, räks′bə reshərräks′bər ə] former county & former district of S Scotland: also, for the county, Roxburghshire [räks′bə reshir΄, räks′bə reshər] …   English World dictionary