This long-established surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a status name for a bond tenant who was employed as a ploughman for a manor. The derivation is from the Olde English pre 7th Century "aecermann", a compound of "aecer", field, ploughed land, cognate with the Old Norse "akr", and "mann", man. On many medieval manors there were separate tenements held by "acremen" in return for ploughing service, and a quotation from "Lay le Freine" reads, "The foules up, and song on bough, And acremen yeld to the plough". Early examples of the surname include: Robert le Akerman (Essex, 1233); Roger le Acreman (Oxfordshire, 1273); and Hugh Akerman (Cambridgeshire, 1273). The "Historical English Dictionary", dated 1389, tells us that "both prestis and knightis mosten bicome acremen and heerdis". In the modern idiom the surname has four spelling variations: Ackerman(n), Akerman and Acreman. On August 15th 1568, Anna Ackerman and John Habet were married at St. Dionis Backchurch, London. A notable namebearer mentioned in the "National Biography" was Rudolph Ackermann who, in 1801, patented a method for making articles waterproof, and established art lithography in England (1817). A Coat of Arms granted to the Ackerman family in 1761 is described thus: Quarterly per fesse indented first and fourth gules, in chief a maunch argent, in base an acorn sprig or, second and 3rd or, three dragons' heads couped of the first. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Acreman, which was dated 1100, in the "Chartulary of Ramsey Abbey", Huntingdonshire, during the reign of King Henry 1, known as "The Lion of Justice", 1100 - 1135. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • AKERMAN (C.) — AKERMAN CHANTAL (1950 ) «Je suis belge, juive polonaise née à Bruxelles... Je ne suis pas plus parisienne que belge. Si je devais me sentir de quelque part, ce serait sans doute plus de New York que de n’importe où ailleurs. Je n’ai pas la notion …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Akerman — ist der Name von Amos T. Akerman (* 1821 oder 1819, † 1880), US amerikanischer Jurist, Politiker und Justizminister (Attorney General) Chantal Akerman (* 1950), belgische Filmregisseurin und Professorin für Film an der European Graduate School in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Akerman — puede referirse a: Personas Damián Akerman, futbolista argentino. Malin Akerman, actriz sueca. Chantal Akerman, cineasta belga. Gegografía Villa Akerman, localidad argentina de la provincia de Misiones …   Wikipedia Español

  • Akerman — Akerman, District u. Stadt, so v.w. Akjerman 1) u. 2) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Akerman — (Chantal) (née en 1950) cinéaste belge. Elle va jusqu au bout du cinéma vérité dans Jeanne Dielman (1975), puis scrute le sentiment amoureux: Toute une nuit (1983), Nuit et Jour (1991), Un divan à New York (1996) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Akerman —   [ mã], Chantal, belgische Filmregisseurin und Drehbuchautorin, * Brüssel 6. 6. 1950; dreht seit 1968 Kurzfilme, seit 1974 Spielfilme, die, streng strukturiert, menschlich autobiographische Grundsituationen dokumentarisch sezieren: »Ich du er… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • AKERMAN` —    (55), a fortified town in Bessarabia, at the mouth of the Dniester …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Akerman Senterfitt — Infobox Law Firm firm name = Akerman Senterfitt LLP firm logo = headquarters = Miami, Florida num offices = 12 num attorneys = approximately 500 num employees = practice areas = General practice key people = Andrew M. Smulian, Chairman [… …   Wikipedia

  • Malin Åkerman — Åkerman at the 2011 San Diego Comic Con International Born Malin Maria Åkerman May 12, 1978 (1978 05 12) (age 33) …   Wikipedia

  • Chantal Akerman — Born 6 June 1950 (1950 06 06) (age 61) Brussels, Belgium Occupation Artist, film director, professor Chantal Anne Akerman (born 6 June 1950) is a Belgian film director, artist, and professor of film at the European Graduate Schoo …   Wikipedia