- This is an East Anglian dialectal corruption of the Norse-Viking 8th century locational word 'skali' which developed into the twelfth century 'scale or scole' - and means 'the dweller at the hut or sheds'. It is found as well in the village names of Scales, Schole or Scole in Cumberland, Lancashire, Yorkshire and Norfolk and probably refers to the buildings or temporary huts used by shepherds. The origin is also found in the surnames: Scholar, Scoular and Scollard and Scholey or Schooley, where the meaning is 'the hut on the low lying lands'. The first recording in the East Anglian mode is probably William Skowle of Lincoln circa 1350. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Thomas del Scales, which was dated 1332, in the Pipe Rolls of Cumberland, during the reign of King Edward 111, known as the Father of the Navy, 1327-1377. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
John Skoyles — (b. 1949 in New York, New York) is an American poet and writer. Skoyles has taught at Southern Methodist University, Sarah Lawrence College, Warren Wilson College and Emerson College. He directed the MFA Program at Warren Wilson from 1984 to 1992 … Wikipedia
Operational bill — Operational bills are a tendering document for estimating costs prepared by architects that describes a construction project in terms of the operations (which include labour and plant) needed to build it. This form of document contrasts with that … Wikipedia
The Family That Walks On All Fours — is a BBC2 documentary that explored the science and the story of five individuals in the Ulas family in Turkey that walk with a previously unreported quadruped gait [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4782492.stm] . The documentary was… … Wikipedia
Method of loci — The method of loci (plural of Latin locus for place or location), also called the memory palace, is a mnemonic device introduced in ancient Roman rhetorical treatises (in the anonymous Rhetorica ad Herennium, Cicero s De Oratore, and Quintilian s … Wikipedia
Ulas family — The Ulas family is a large family of 19 from rural southern Turkey, five (except for another, who had died)Fact|date=October 2008 of whom walk on all fours with their feet and the palms of their hands in what is called a bear crawl . Their… … Wikipedia
Bill of quantities — A bill of quantities (BOQ) is a document used in tendering in the construction industry in which materials, parts, and labor (and their costs) are itemized. It also (ideally) details the terms and conditions of the construction or repair contract … Wikipedia
Art of memory — For the 1966 non fiction book, see The Art of Memory. Graphical memory devices from the works of Giordano Bruno The Art of Memory or Ars Memorativa ( art of memory in Latin) is a general term used to designate a loosely associated group of… … Wikipedia
Middle Stone Age — This article is about the term as applied to African prehistory. See Mesolithic for the middle period of the Stone Age in general. See Middle Paleolithic for the middle part of the Old Stone Age . The Middle Stone Age (or MSA) was a period of… … Wikipedia
Uner Tan syndrome — or UTS is a syndrome discovered by Uner Tan. Persons affected by this syndrome use quadrupedal locomotion. Uner Tan postulated that it was an example backward evolution [ Tan, Uner. A new syndrome with quadrupedal gait, primitive speech, and… … Wikipedia
Order of the Occult Hand — The Order of the Occult Hand is a whimsical secret society of American journalists who have been able to slip the meaningless and telltale phrase It was as if an occult hand had… in print as a sort of a game and inside joke. Contents 1 History 2… … Wikipedia