Baker


Baker
This ancient surname is of Olde English pre 8th century origins deriving from the word 'boeccure'. The surname is always occupational, but not always for a maker of bread. There are a number of possible origins and these include an official with special responsibilities for the baking ovens in a monastery or castle, as well as the keeper of the 'communal kitchen' in a town or village, since most of the humbler households had no cooking facilities other than a pot over a fire. The right to be in charge of this service and to exact money or loaves in return for its use, was in many parts of Britain, a hereditary feudal privilege. Less often the surname may have been acquired by someone noted for specifically baking fine bread or as an owner of a kiln for the baking of pottery or even bricks. The surname is first recorded in the late 12th Century, and early recordings include such examples as Robert Bakere, a witness in the Assize Court Rolls of Lancashire for the year 1246, and Walter le Backere in the rolls of the county of Hampshire for 1280 a.d. The female form of the name is 'Baxter'. There have been no less than forty two 'Baker' entries in the "Dictionary of National Biography", and during the latter half of the 19th century the name was arguably the most famous in the country. This was owing to the exploits of Sir Samuel Baker, who with Stanley and Livingstone, was the greatest African explorer, and his brother, Valentine Baker, the famous Cavalry leader, known world wide as 'Baker Pasha'. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William le Bakere, which was dated 1177, in the "Pipe Rolls of Norfolk", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Baker — (englisch für „Bäcker“) bezeichnet: einen Familiennamen, siehe Baker (Familienname) Baker Aviation, eine amerikanische Fluggesellschaft den Buchstaben B auf verschiedenen Buchstabiertafeln Baker bezeichnet in der Geografie: Baker Creek,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baker — Baker, George Pierce Baker, Josephine * * * (as used in expressions) Baker v. Carr Baker, Chet Chesney Henry Baker Baker, Josephine Baker, Newton D(iehl) Baker, Russell (Wayne) Baker, Sara Josephine George Baker …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Baker — Baker, MT U.S. city in Montana Population (2000): 1695 Housing Units (2000): 855 Land area (2000): 0.858300 sq. miles (2.222986 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.096483 sq. miles (0.249890 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.954783 sq. miles (2.472876 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • BAKER (J.) — BAKER JOSÉPHINE (1906 1975) Après avoir effectué ses débuts dans la comédie musicale à Broadway et à Philadelphie, Joséphine Baker participe à une tournée en France des Black Birds (1925): c’est la Revue nègre présentée au théâtre des Champs… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Baker — Bak er, n. [AS. b[ae]cere. See {Bake}, v. t.] 1. One whose business it is to bake bread, biscuit, etc. [1913 Webster] 2. A portable oven in which baking is done. [U.S.] [1913 Webster] {A baker s dozen}, thirteen. {Baker foot}, a distorted foot.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • BAKER (A. D.) — BAKER AUGUSTINE DAVID (1575 1641) Après des études à Oxford et à Londres, Augustine Baker devint greffier de justice; converti au catholicisme en 1603 (il prit le prénom de David pour sa confirmation), il reçut l’habit bénédictin à Padoue (1605)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • baker — O.E. bæcere baker, agent noun from bacan to bake (see BAKE (Cf. bake)). In the Middle Ages, the craft had two divisions, braun bakeres and whit bakeres. White bakers shall bake no hors brede..broune bakers shall bake whete brede as it comyth… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Baker —   [ beɪkə],    1) Sir Benjamin, britischer Ingenieur, * Keyford (County Somerset) 31. 3. 1840, ✝ Bowden Green (County Berkshire) 19. 5. 1907; baute 1883 90 mit J. Fowler die 2,5 km lange Eisenbahnbrücke aus Stahl über den Firth of Forth bei… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Baker, LA — U.S. city in Louisiana Population (2000): 13793 Housing Units (2000): 5389 Land area (2000): 7.893977 sq. miles (20.445305 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.893977 sq. miles (20.445305 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Baker, MO — U.S. village in Missouri Population (2000): 5 Housing Units (2000): 2 Land area (2000): 0.207231 sq. miles (0.536725 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.207231 sq. miles (0.536725 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Baker, MT — U.S. city in Montana Population (2000): 1695 Housing Units (2000): 855 Land area (2000): 0.858300 sq. miles (2.222986 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.096483 sq. miles (0.249890 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.954783 sq. miles (2.472876 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places