Smale


Smale
Recorded in many forms including Small, Smale, Smalles, Smailes (English) Small, Smaile, Smellie, Smiles (Scotland), Schmal and Schmall (German), Smal (Dutch) and others, this is a European name. It is one of a group of early surnames which were gradually created from the habitual use of nicknames. These were given in the first instance with reference to a variety of personal qualities, and in this case was probably a reference to a large person, in other words the opposite of what it seems to describe. In fact in the tales of Robin Hood we have the perfect illustration in Little John or John Little, who was the biggest member of the band of outlaws. The derivation is said to be from Olde English and Saxon pre 7th century word "smael", meaning thin or narrow, and in Middle English smal or smel. Early examples of the surname from this source include Alexander le Smele of Staffordshire 1n 1221; William le Smale of Huntingdonshire in 1294; and Thomas Small of Roxburghshire, in Scotland, in 1349. John Smale was admitted as a burgess of Aberdeen in 1407, and Cristian Smile or Smiles was recorded at Newton, Midlothian, on November 25th 1687. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Smale. This was dated 1221, in the Rolls of Cambridgeshire", during the reign of King Henry 111rd of England, 1216 - 1272. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • SMALE (S.) — SMALE STEPHEN (1930 ) Mathématicien américain né à Flint (Michigan). Après des études à l’université du Michigan (où il passa son doctorat en 1956), Stephen Smale enseigna à l’université Columbia (1961 1964), puis à Berkeley à partir de 1964. En… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Smale — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: John Smale (1927–2011), US amerikanischer Manager Stephen Smale (* 1930), US amerikanischer Mathematiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Beg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Smale —   [smeɪl], Stephen, amerikanischer Mathematiker, * Flint (Michigan) 15. 7. 1930; 1961 Professor an der Columbia University, New York, seit 1964 an der University of California, Berkeley. Smale beschäftigte sich zuerst mit Problemen der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • smalė — 1 ×smalė̃ sf. (4) NdŽ, Lnkv, Ėr žr. smala 1 …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • smale — anévrismale baptismale paroxysmale rhumatismale sismale …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • smale — adv 1. finely; 2. of the voice, not loudly; [from smæl] …   Old to modern English dictionary

  • smalė — 2 ×smãlė sf. (2) Vl žr. smaliukė: Pirštai limpa prie smãlės J. Kad kiaulės puola, duok smãlės J …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • Smale's problems — refers to a list of eighteen unsolved problems in mathematics, proposed by Steve Smale in 2000. [Steve Smale, [http://www6.cityu.edu.hk/ma/people/smale/pap104.pdf Mathematical problems for the next century] . Mathematics: frontiers and… …   Wikipedia

  • Smale, Stephen — ▪ American mathematician born July 15, 1930, Flint, Mich., U.S.       American mathematician, who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1966 for his work on topology in higher dimensions.       Smale grew up in a rural area near Flint. From 1948 to… …   Universalium

  • Smale's paradox — In differential topology, Smale s paradox states that it is possible to turn a sphere inside out in 3 space with possible self intersections but without creating any crease, a process often called sphere eversion ( eversion means to turn inside… …   Wikipedia