Southwell


Southwell
This is a locational surname of Olde English and Anglo-Saxon pre 9th century origins. It derives from former residence at the town of Southwell in Nottinghamshire, or possibly from a place or places called originally 'sud waella', translating as the 'spring to the south'. The surnames of Northwell and Norwell, Eastwell, and Westell, also exist in small numbers to confirm that the origin is correct. The town name is a very early recording being found in the charter rolls for the year 958 a.d. in the spelling of 'Sudwellan' and then again at the time of the famous Domesday Book in 1086, where the spelling is given as 'Sudwelle'. The 'd' in these ancient spellings gave a sound similar to the modern 'th' or the Welsh 'dd'. Although arguably the name is from Nottinghamshire, the earliest church recordings are in London. The reason being that people who travelled away from their home area, were most easily identified by their new neighbours by the name of the place from whence they came. Early examples of the surname recordings include John Southuell of Babworth, Nottinghamshire, on January 27th 1639, and (another) John Southwell, but from a century later, who married Mary Barlow at St Lukes, Nottingham, on August 19th 1735. The name has six entries in the National Biography, the most famous, or perhaps infamous being, Sir Robert Southwell, who perhaps more than any other person, was responsible for the destruction of the monasteries under the command of King Henry V111. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Sir Robert Southwell, which was dated 1504 - 1564, privy councillor and master of the ordnance, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1st, known as 'Good Queen Bess', 1558 - 1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Southwell — may mean the following towns in England: * Southwell, Dorset * Southwell, Nottinghamshire **Southwell Minster, historic cathedral **Southwell Rural District Southwell can also be a surname:* Alfredo Salazar Southwell * David Southwell * Hugo… …   Wikipedia

  • SOUTHWELL (R.) — SOUTHWELL ROBERT (1561 1595) Poète et martyr, jésuite et missionnaire qui vécut dans la sainteté à une époque de persécutions, Southwell a composé des poèmes d’inspiration religieuse annonçant George Herbert et Richard Crashaw. Éduqué dans des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Southwell — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Paul Southwell (1913–1979), Politiker aus St. Kitts und Nevis Robert Southwell (* um 1561; † 1595), englischer Jesuit, Dichter und Märtyrer Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Southwell — (spr. ßauth ), Marktstadt in Nottinghamshire (England), mit normannischer Kathedrale (1882 restauriert), Lateinschule und (1901) 3161 Einw. S. ist Sitz eines anglikanischen Bischofs (seit 1884); es war lange Residenz der Erzbischöfe von York (ihr …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Southwell — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Southwell (homonymie). Southwell La cathédrale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Southwell — Original name in latin Southwell Name in other language Southwell, Southwell i Nottinghamshire State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 53.07804 latitude 0.95538 altitude 42 Population 6425 Date 2011 03 09 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Southwell Minster — Cathedral and Parish Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary …   Wikipedia

  • Southwell Minster — Photographie de Southwell Minster en juillet 2008. Présentation Culte Église d Angleterre Type …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Southwell, Dorset — Southwell (pronounced south well ) is a small coastal village in Tophill on the Isle of Portland, Dorset, between Portland Bill and the village of Easton. Unlike many of the other villages on Portland, Southwell has no commercial industry… …   Wikipedia

  • Southwell (Dorset) — Southwell es un pequeño poblado costero ubicado en el área de Tophill, en la Isla de Pórtland (condado de Dorset, Inglaterra, Reino Unido). Se haya emplazado entre Eston, la principal localidad del sur de la isla, y Portland Bill, una pequeña… …   Wikipedia Español


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