This interesting name is of early medieval English origin. It has has at least five possible sources. The first being that it is residential for somebody who lived at a place called Stock, such as Stock Gaylard in Dorset, or perhaps Stocksbridge in Yorkshire. The second is that it is topographical for someone who lived near an area of cleared trees, that is where the branches had been removed and the remaining trunk or stumps either left to die or to fom a coppice. The third possibility relates to residence by a bridge built of "stocks" or tree trunks from the Old English word "stocc", meaning a trunk or stump. Another possible explanation is a medieval nickname surname for a stout and stocky man, whilst yet another is as an occupational nickname for a keeper of the stocks, used as a form of punishment. The name was an early introduction to the colonies of New World when Robert Stock sailed from the port of London on July 10th 1635 to Berumuda aboard the ship "Truelove", whilst slightly earlier Anne Stocks was christened on February 10th 1581 at All Hallows church, London Wall. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John de la Stokke. This was dated 1225, Assize Rolls of Somerset, during the reign of King Henry 111, "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

(invested in joint-stock enterprises or in the obligations of a Government), , / (in joint-stock companies, or in the obligations of a Government)

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stocks — are devices used since medieval times for public humiliation, corporal punishment, and torture. The stocks are similar to the pillory and the pranger, as each consists of large, hinged, wooden boards; the difference, however, is that when a… …   Wikipedia

  • Stocks — Pays d’origine Lille, Nord, France Genre musical Rock Années d activité 1980 2007 Labels WEA CBS Sony Vérone Productions …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stocks — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Christian Stocks (* 1947), deutscher Diplomat und seit 2009 Botschafter in El Salvador Jack William Stocks (* 1871 ?), englischer Radsportler Margaret Stocks (1896 ?), englische Badmintonspielerin Siehe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • stocks — a frame used to support a ship or boat when out of water. → stock stocks a portion of this as held by an individual or group as an investment. → stock …   English new terms dictionary

  • Stocks — (Stoks), 1) ursprünglich in England gewisse Summen, welche von einer Gesellschaft (z.B. der Ostindischen Compagnie) zu einem Stock od. einer Kasse zusammengelegt sind, um sie zu einem fortdauernden Geschäft zu verwenden; 2) dann die Anleihen der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Stocks — Stocks, engl., Staatspapiere; Aktien. Stock Exchange (ekstschensch), Stockbörse; stockbroker, Börsenmäckler, der den reellen Handel mit S. vermittelt; stockjobbers (–dschabbers) die nicht wirklich kaufenden, sondern auf Steigen und Fallen der… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • stocks — index portfolio, securities Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • stocks — instrument of punishment, early 14c., from STOCK (Cf. stock) (n.1) …   Etymology dictionary

  • stocks — Stock Stock (st[o^]k), n. [AS. stocc a stock, trunk, stick; akin to D. stok, G. stock, OHG. stoc, Icel. stokkr, Sw. stock, Dan. stok, and AS. stycce a piece; cf. Skr. tuj to urge, thrust. Cf. {Stokker}, {Stucco}, and {Tuck} a rapier.] 1. The stem …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stocks — n. shares on the stock market (esp. AE; CE has shares) stocks close; open (did stocksclose strong or weak?) * * * open (did close strong or weak?) [ shares on the stock market ] (esp. AE; CE has shares) stocks close …   Combinatory dictionary