This is an Olde English habitational name which derives from the elements "taelf", meaning "a plateau" and "forda", meaning "a shallow river crossing". There are several places named in the 1086 Domesday Book, the usual spelling being "Tejleford" of "Tevellsford", the counties being Somerset, Warwickshire and Berkshire. Some name holders may derive from the medieval French nickname for a soldier "Taille-Fer" one who cuts with iron, the surname as Telford or Telpher being regularly recorded along side each other in early records. What is certain is that the name does not derive from Telford in Shropshire, this is a "new" town, actually named after the famous Thomas Telford (1757 - 1834), who was himself born in Scotland! The alternative name spellings include Tailford (1597), Tilford (1684), Talyfer (1598), Tilfard (1642), Telforth (1630), whilst the modern popular spelling as Telford is first recorded in 1661 (Katherine Telford of London). The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Johanne Tayleford, which was dated November 4th 1562, christened at St. Martin's Church, Ludgate, London, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1st, known as "Good Queen Bess", 1558 - 1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Telford — Telford …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Telford — Borough de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Telford — Tel ford, a. [After Thomas Telford, a Scotch road engineer.] Designating, or pert. to, a road pavement having a surface of small stone rolled hard and smooth, distinguished from macadam road by its firm foundation of large stones with fragments… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Telford — Telford, PA U.S. borough in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 4680 Housing Units (2000): 1977 Land area (2000): 1.013390 sq. miles (2.624667 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.013390 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Telford, PA — U.S. borough in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 4680 Housing Units (2000): 1977 Land area (2000): 1.013390 sq. miles (2.624667 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.013390 sq. miles (2.624667 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Telford — Telford, Thomas, geb. 1755; englischer Baumeister, Erbauer der Menay u. Conwaybrücke, des Calidonschen Kanals, der Katharinendocks; st. 1834 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Telford — Telford, Thomas, Ingenieur, geb. 9. Aug. 1757 in Eskdale (Dumfriesshire), gest. 2. Sept. 1834 in Westminster, erlernte das Maurerhandwerk, ging 1781 nach Edinburg, 1782 nach London, wo er unter Chambers und Adams Studien machte und 1787 die Docks …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Telford — infobox UK place country = England latitude= 52.6766 longitude= 2.4469 official name= Telford population = 138,241 unitary england= Telford and Wrekin lieutenancy england= Shropshire region= West Midlands constituency westminster= Telford… …   Wikipedia

  • Telford FM — Infobox Radio station name = 107.4 Telford FM airdate = May 3 1999 frequency = 107.4 MHz area = Telford, England format = Contemporary owner = Midland News Association (MNA) About 107.4 Telford FM 107.4 Telford FM launched on May 3rd 1999, and is …   Wikipedia

  • Telford — 52.679166666667 2.4475 Koordinaten: 52° 41′ N, 2° 27′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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