Tonbridge


Tonbridge
This is an English locational surname, of spelling forms which include Tonbridge, Tunbridge, Tumbridge, Tembridge, Timbridge, and several others as well. The name does derive from the place called 'Tonebridge' (now Tonbridge) as recorded in the 1086 Domesday book for county Kent, and as 'Thunnebrigg' in the 1230 Assize Court rolls for the same county. Indeed the latter spelling, occurring when it did at the beginning of the surname creation period, would seem to have had a distinct influence on the future development of the surname. Tunbridge and Tumbridge, the latter being a dialectal spelling error developed from the distinct Kent-Sussex language of the Middle English period, being the most popular surname spellings. It is claimed that the town name derives from the Olde English personal name 'Thunnr', plus 'brygg' meaning a causeway, but a more logical explanation taken from the Domesday Book recording would suggest 'the causeway where tolls were paid'. Early examples of the surname recording include Salomon de Tonebrigg in the 1273 Hundred Rolls of Essex, whilst on April 12th 1547, Alice Tunbridge married James West in London, apparently by civil licence. Other recordings include George Tumbridge, who married Agnes Grenhill at Harrow on the Hill, Middlesex, on October 30th 1581, and John Tonbridge, the son of Edwarde Tonbridge, christened at Shipbourne, Kent, on March 18th 1599. An interesting entry, and possibly that of a (near) non conformist, at least on the wife's side, was that of Needful Tonbridge, the daughter of Robert and Charity Tonbridge, christened at St Dunstans in the West, London, on May 4th 1825. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert de Tonebrugg, which was dated 1273, in the Hundred Rolls of the City of London, during the reign of King Edward 1st, known as 'The hammer of the Scots', 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Tonbridge — (Tunbridge, spr. tönnbriddsch), Stadt in der engl. Grafschaft Kent, am schiffbaren Medway, hat eine Freibibliothek, Schloßruine (12. Jahrh.) mit normannischem Torweg, eine 1553 gegründete Lateinschule, bedeutenden Handel und (1901) 12,736 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tonbridge — (spr. tönnbriddsch), engl. Stadt, s. Tunbridge …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tonbridge — infobox UK place country = England official name= Tonbridge static static image caption=Tonbridge Castle latitude= 51.1987 longitude= 0.2764 population = 30,340 (2007) shire district= Tonbridge and Malling shire county = Kent region= South East… …   Wikipedia

  • Tonbridge — 51.1958333333330.27500000000001 Koordinaten: 51° 12′ N, 0° 17′ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tonbridge — 51° 11′ 55″ N 0° 16′ 35″ E / 51.1987, 0.2764 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tonbridge — Original name in latin Tonbridge Name in other language Tonbridge, Tonbridzh, Тонбридж State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.19242 latitude 0.27532 altitude 26 Population 36894 Date 2011 03 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Tonbridge and Malling — is a local government district and borough in the English county of Kent.Tonbridge and Malling borough covers an area from the North Downs at Burham and Snodland in the north to the town of Tonbridge in the south. The River Medway flows in a… …   Wikipedia

  • Tonbridge Castle — is situated on Castle Street, TonbridgeEarly historyFollowing the Norman Conquest, Richard Fitz Gilbert was granted land in Kent to guard the crossing of the River Medway. He erected a simple Motte and bailey castle on the site. To dig the moat… …   Wikipedia

  • Tonbridge and Malling local elections — Tonbridge and Malling Council is elected every four years.Political controlConservative 1973 1995No overall control 1995 2003Conservative 2003 presentCouncil electionsTonbridge and Malling Council election 1999Tonbridge and Malling Council… …   Wikipedia

  • Tonbridge and Malling — Distrito del Reino Unido Ubicación en el condado de …   Wikipedia Español