Thurnham


Thurnham
This interesting surname is of locational origin from a number of places in England. It may derive from "Turnham", in East Yorks or "Turnham Green" in West London, so called from the Old English "trum", circular and "hamm", water meadow or "ham", homestead. There is a place called "Thurnham" in Lancashire, from the Old English "pyrnum", the plural of "pyrne", meaning "thorn-bush". This place was recorded as "Tiernnm" (Domesday book, 1086) and "Thurnum" (Cockersand Chartulary 1160). The surname may also derive from "Thornham", in Kent (Turneham' in the Domesday Book of 1086), and in Norfolk ("Tornham" in the "Index to Charters and Rolls in the British Museum", circa 1140). Thornham-Magna and Parva in Suffolk, dates from 1235. The surname dates from the early 13th Century. Stephen de Turnham (d. 1215) went on the third crusade. One Johannes de Turneham is recorded in the Poll Tax Records of Yorkshire in 1379. Thomas, son of Thomas and Ann Thurnham, was christened at St. Andrews, Holborn, London, on November 1663. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Baron Robert de Turnham, which was dated died 1211, "Coucise Dictionary of National Biography", during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thurnham — Thurnam, as a person, may refer to:*Peter Thurnham (b. 1938), a British politicianThurnam, as a place, may refer to:*Thurnham, Kent, a village and parish in Kent, England *Thurnham, Lancashire …   Wikipedia

  • Thurnham Castle — or Godard s Castle is situated to the north of the village of Thurnham which is 3 miles north east of Maidstone, Kent (gbmapping|TQ808582).It is a 12th century flint built castle constructed by Robert de Thurnham in the reign of Henry II on a… …   Wikipedia

  • Thurnham, Lancashire — Coordinates: 53°59′N 2°50′W / 53.99°N 2.83°W / 53.99; 2.83 …   Wikipedia

  • Thurnham, Kent — The village and ancient parish of Thurnham lies at the foot of the North Downs three miles NE of Maidstone in Kent.There have been several archaeological finds in the area: a 7th century gold cross found in 1967; Anglo Saxon graves in 1913; and… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Thurnham — Peter Giles Thurnham (21 August 1938 – 10 May 2008) was a British politician. He was Member of Parliament for Bolton North East from 1983 to 1997, originally as a Conservative before resigning to become an independent in February 1996 and then a… …   Wikipedia

  • River Len — For an explanation of the various pieces of machinery mentioned, see Mill machinery. Len River Kent rivers, showing the Len …   Wikipedia

  • Medway watermills (lower tributaries) — River Medway (lower tributaries) Legend …   Wikipedia

  • David Crausby — David Anthony Crausby MP Member of Parliament for Bolton North East Incumbent Assumed office 1 May 1997 Preceded by Peter Thurnham Majority …   Wikipedia

  • Bearsted — infobox UK place country = England official name= Bearsted latitude= 51.2717 longitude= 0.5295 population = shire district= Maidstone shire county = Kent region= South East England constituency westminster= Faversham and Mid Kent post town=… …   Wikipedia

  • River Len, Kent — Geobox|River name = Len native name = other name = other name1 = image size = 250px image caption = Kent rivers, showing the Len. etymology = country = England country1 = state = state1 = region = Kent region1 = district = Maidstone district1 =… …   Wikipedia


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