Upjohn


Upjohn
Recorded as Apjohn and Upjohn, this is an Anglo-Welsh surname. It is one which owes its origins to a combination of Welsh and the activities of the Knight Templars of the 12th century. It is a developed form of the biblical name 'Yochan' introduced as John or Johan into Europe mainly by returning Crusaders (Knight Templars) and pilgrims from the Holy Land in medieval times. It is estimated that there are now over one thousand surname spellings of Yochan or John, making it as a group, the most popular of all surnames anywhere in the Christian world. The name means 'god has given me a son', and in the medieval Welsh 'Ap John' or the 'son of John' is cognate with the Gaelic 'Mac Ewan'. Throughout the Middle Ages almost all Christian names in Wales developed the prefix of 'ap' so that the early recordings included Nycholas Ap-Thomas at St Diois Backchurch in the city of London in 1557, and John UpHarrye, which changed later to Parry, at the same church in 1563. Roger ap-John was listed amonst the Wills Register of the city of Chester in 1638, whilst James and Mary Upjohn were witnesses at the christeneing of their son Francis at St James Clerkenwell in the city of London, in 1750. Over the centuries the prefix 'ap' was either dropped completely as with the name Thomas, or 'fused' as in Ap-Richard, now Pritchard. Apjohn or Upjohn is a rare survivor.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Upjohn — The Upjohn Company was a pharmaceutical manufacturing firm founded in 1886 in Kalamazoo, Michigan by Dr. William E. Upjohn, an 1875 graduate of the University of Michigan medical school. The company was originally formed to make friable pills ,… …   Wikipedia

  • Upjohn — noun United States architect (born in England) (1802 1878) • Syn: ↑Richard Upjohn • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Upjohn — biographical name Richard 1802 1878 American (English born) architect …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Upjohn — /up jon /, n. Richard, 1802 78, and his son, Richard Michell /mi shel /, 1828 1903, U.S. architects, born in England. * * * …   Universalium

  • Upjohn dihydroxylation — is an organic reaction converting an alkene to a cis vicinal diol, and was developed by V. VanRheenen, R. C. Kelly and D. Y. Cha of the Upjohn Company, USA in 1976. [V. VanRheenen, R. C. Kelly and D. Y. Cha Tetrahedron Lett. 1976, 1973 1976.… …   Wikipedia

  • Upjohn warning — USA Upjohn warning, Also known as a corporate Miranda warning. The notice an in house attorney gives a company employee to inform him that the attorney represents only the company and not the employee as an individual. Corporate counsel caution… …   Law dictionary

  • Upjohn, Richard — ▪ American architect born Jan. 22, 1802, Shaftesbury, Dorset, Eng. died Aug. 17, 1878, Garrison, N.Y., U.S.  British American architect who was the most active exponent in his time of the Gothic Revival style in ecclesiastical architecture.… …   Universalium

  • Upjohn v. United States — SCOTUSCase Litigants=Upjohn v. United States ArgueDate=November 5 ArgueYear=1980 DecideDate=January 13 DecideYear=1981 FullName=Upjohn Company, et al. v. United States, et al. USVol=449 USPage=383 Citation=101 S. Ct. 677; 66 L. Ed. 2d 584; 1981 U …   Wikipedia

  • Upjohn-Dihydroxylierung — Schema einer Dihydroxylierung Die Dihydroxylierung bezeichnet eine Chemische Reaktion, mit der an die Doppelbindung eines Alkens zwei vicinalen Hydroxygruppen addiert werden. Da sich die Oxidationszahl der Kohlenstoffatome dabei erhöht, handelt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Upjohn,Richard — Up·john (ŭpʹjŏn ), Richard. 1802 1878. British born American architect who was a leader of the Gothic revival. His designs include Trinity Church in New York City (1846). * * * …   Universalium