Biner


Biner
Recorded as Benn, Benner, Binn, Binne, Binor, Binner, Bynnor, and possibly others, this is an English medieval surname. It derives from the pre 7th Century word "binn", and has two possible interpretations. Firstly, it may be an occupational name for a maker of bins, used for the storage of corn, meal, and bread, as in the recording of Thomas Binere, of Colchester, in the county of Essex, in 1373. Occupation surnames were amongst the earliest to be recorded but did not become hereditary unless a son followed the father into the same line of business. The second possible origin is residential for someone who lived in a small valley or depression in the ground and called a bin or binn. Residential surnames were amongst the earliest created, as features in the landscape provided easily recognisable distinguishing names in the small communities of the Middle Ages. Examples of the surname from surviving church registers include the marriage of Silvestre Bener and Anys Wylde at St Michael Bassishaw, city of London, on September 1st 1539, Agnes Byner who married Lawrence Bridge at Halifax, Yorkshire, on May 19th 1549; and William Biner who married Clements Cass or Cask on January 26th 1563, at Chelmsford, Essex. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Walter le Bynere. This was dated 1296, in the "Subsidy Tax Rolls of Sussex", during the reign of King Edward 1st, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • biner — [ bine ] v. <conjug. : 1> • 1269; provenç. binar; lat. pop. °binare « refaire deux fois », de bini → binaire 1 ♦ V. tr. Agric. Ameublir et aérer la couche superficielle de (la terre) pour réduire l évaporation de l eau contenue dans le sol …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • biner — BINER. v. a. Donner une seconde façon aux terres labourables, aux vignes. Biner les vignes. Biner, est aussi un terme d Église, et il s emploie en parlant d Un Prêtre qui dans la nécessité dit deux Messes le même jour, dans deux Églises… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • biner — BINER. v. a. Donner une seconde façon aux terres labourables, aux vignes. Biner les vignes …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • biner — Biner, Les vignes, Vineas occare, Sarrire …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • BINER — v. a. T. d Agricult. Donner une seconde façon aux terres labourables, aux vignes. Biner un champ. Biner les vignes. BINER, est aussi verbe neutre, et se dit, dans la Discipline ecclésiastique, D un prêtre qui, lorsque la nécessité l exige,… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • BINER — v. tr. T. d’Agriculture Soumettre une terre à une seconde façon. Biner un champ. Il signifie encore Soumettre une terre à une façon superficielle pour l’empêcher de durcir ou pour détruire les mauvaises herbes. Il s’emploie aussi intransitivement …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • biner — (bi né) v. a. 1°   Terme d agriculture. Donner une seconde façon aux terres, aux vignes. •   Labourer, biner, tenir la charrue, J. J. ROUSSEAU Ém. II. 2°   Terme de jardinage. Briser dans une plantation de légumes la superficie de la terre à six… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • biner — noun Date: 1973 carabiner …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • biner — sf. Bin sayısının üleştirme biçimi, her birine bin, her defasında bini bir arada olan …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • biner — v.i. Dire deux messes le même jour (ecclés.) …   Dictionnaire du Français argotique et populaire