This interesting and unusual surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational name from either a place called Bilston in Staffordshire, which appears as "Bilsetnatun" in 996 in Dugdale's "Monasticon Anglicanum"; or from Bilstone in Leicestershire, recorded as "Bildestone" in the Domesday Book of 1086. The former placename is composed of the Olde English pre 7th Century "Bilsaetan", which means "the dwellers at Bil"; this may have been the name of the hill near Bilston, from the Olde English "bill", sword, plus "-tun", a village or settlement. The latter placename in Leicestershire is composed of the Old Scandinavian personal name "Bildr, Bild", and "-tun", as mentioned above. Locational surnames were acquired by those former inhabitants of a place who had moved to another area, and were thereafter best identified by the name of their birthplace. Early examples of the surname include: the marriage of Thomas Bilston and Margaret Bidle at Shackerstone, Leicestershire, on November 22nd 1567; and the marriage of Alice Bilston to Thomas Heskin at Husbands Bosworth, Leicestershire, on October 23rd 1624. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Bilston, which was dated July 24th 1558, marriage to An Tomson, at Shackerstone, Leicestershire, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1, known as "Good Queen Bess", 1558 - 1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bilston — (spr. Bilst n), 1) Marktflecken in der englischen Grafschaft Suffolk; 2) Stadt in der englischen Grafschaft Stafford, am Birmingham u. Staffordkanal; Eisenwerke, Maschinenbauwerkstätten, Fabrikation von lackirten Blech u. Emaillewaaren; 21,000 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bilston — Bilston, Stadt in Staffordshire (England), dicht bei Wolverhampton, mit (1901) 24,034 Einw., Eisenhütten, Fabrikation von eisernen Booten, Dampfkesseln, Geldschränken, Ketten, lackierten Kurzwaren etc …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bilston — (spr. billst n), Fabrikstadt in der engl. Grafsch. Stafford, bei Birmingham, (1901) 24.034 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bilston — (Bilstʼn), engl. Stadt, 2 St. von Birmingham, 20000 E., Eisenbergwerke, Maschinenfabriken, lackirte und emaillirte Waaren, Mühlsteinbrüche. Steinkohlengruben; das seit mehr als 60 Jahren brennende Steinkohlenlager von Bradley …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Bilston — Infobox UK place country = England official name= Bilston latitude= 52.56605 longitude= 2.07281 civil parish= population = metropolitan borough= Wolverhampton region= West Midlands metropolitan county= West Midlands constituency westminster= post …   Wikipedia

  • Bilston — Original name in latin Bilston Name in other language Bilston State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 52.56667 latitude 2.06667 altitude 136 Population 5000 Date 2013 07 11 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • bilston — ˈbilstən noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Bilston, urban district, Staffordshire, England : a type of English enameled ware often characterized by rich ground colors and gilding …   Useful english dictionary

  • bilston — bil·ston …   English syllables

  • Bilston bus station — is a small Bus Interchange located in Bilston Town Centre, Wolverhampton [ [ Bilston Bus Station guide] ] . Within the last couple of years the interchange, which is managed by… …   Wikipedia

  • Bilston East — is a ward of Wolverhampton City Council, West Midlands. It covers the southern and eastern parts of the town of Bilston, as well as Bradley. It borders the Spring Vale, Ettingshall, and Bilston North wards, as well as the Metropolitan Boroughs of …   Wikipedia

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