In most cases, this name derives from an Anglo-Saxon nickname, later used as a surname, referring to the colour of a person's hair, complexion or clothing. The derivation is from the Olde English pre 7th Century "brun", brown, the same word in Old French and Middle English. The modern surname may occasionally derive from an Olde English personal name "Brun", or the Old Norse "Bruni", which was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Brun" and "Brunus" but was rarely found after the Norman Conquest. The modern surname can be found as "Brown" and "Browne" and is one of the most frequently recorded names in the English-speaking world. The Irish name "Browne" derives from Norman and English sources; in Galway, the Brownes are descendants of a 12th Century Norman invader called "le Brun", while the Brownes of Killarney are descended from an Elizabethan Englishman. Among the several notable namebearers listed in the "Dictionary of National Biography" are John Brown, heraldic painter to Henry V111; Lancelot Brown (1715 - 1783), known as "Capability Brown", who designed gardens at Kew, and Sir John Brown, (1816 - 1896) pioneer of armour plate manufacture. One Peter Brown appears on a list of passengers who sailed to New England aboard the "Mayflower" in 1620. He lived some fourteen years after, and was survived by four children. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William le Brun, which was dated 1169, in the "Pipe Rolls of Northumberland", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Broun — is a surname, and may refer to:* Agnes Broun, mother of the poet Robert Burns * Broun of Colstoun ** Broun Baronets, a branch of the Broun of Colstoun family * Clan Broun, a Scottish Clan name ** William Broun, chief of the Clan Broun of Scotland …   Wikipedia

  • Broun — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Heywood Broun (1888–1939), US amerikanischer Sportjournalist und Kritiker James Andrew Broun Ramsay, 1. Marquess of Dalhousie (1812–1860), Generalgouverneur von Britisch Indien Paul Broun (* 1946), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Broun — /broohn/, n. (Matthew) Heywood (Campbell), 1888 1939, U.S. journalist, essayist, and novelist. * * * broun(e obs. f. brown, obs. pa. pple. of brew …   Useful english dictionary

  • Broun — /broohn/, n. (Matthew) Heywood (Campbell), 1888 1939, U.S. journalist, essayist, and novelist. * * * …   Universalium

  • Broun Baronets — The Broun Baronets are a branch of the ancient Broun of Colstoun family whose estate near Haddington, East Lothian, remains to this day in the possession of a cadet family.OriginsEarly in the twelfth century a Walterus le Brun flourished in… …   Wikipedia

  • Broun, Heywood — (1888 1939)    The Brooklyn born and Harvard University educated critic reviewed plays during the 1920s for the New York Morning Telegraph, the Morning World, and Vanity Fair. Broun s theatre reviews always had gripping introductory paragraphs a… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • Broun, Heywood — ▪ American journalist born Dec. 7, 1888, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 18, 1939, Stamford, Conn.       U.S. journalist noted for liberal social and political opinions. He attended Harvard University from 1906 to 1910 but did not graduate. He… …   Universalium

  • Peter Broun — Peter Nicholas Broun (August 17 1797 ndash;November 5 1846), known for most of his life as Peter Nicholas Brown, was the first Colonial Secretary of Western Australia, and a member of Western Australia s first Legislative Council.Early lifePeter… …   Wikipedia

  • Paul Broun — Infobox Congressman name=Paul Broun, Jr. small imagesize=200px date of birth=Birth date and age|1946|12|7|mf=y place of birth=Atlanta, Georgia state=Georgia district=10th term start=July 25 2007 preceded=Charlie Norwood party=Republican… …   Wikipedia

  • Heywood Campbell Broun — Heywood Broun, um 1935 Heywood Campbell Broun (* 7. Dezember 1888 in Brooklyn, New York; † 18. Dezember 1939 in Stamford, Connecticut) war ein US amerikanischer Sportjournalist und Krit …   Deutsch Wikipedia