This interesting and long-established name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational surname deriving from any one of the places called Capel in Kent and Suffolk, or from the place called Caple, in Hertfordshire. The places called Capel, one of which, Capel St. Andrew in Suffolk, is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Capeles", derive their name from the Middle English word "capes", the chapel. Caple How and Kings Caple in Hertfordshire are recorded as "Capel" in the Domesday Book, and are named from the Old Norman French "capele", chapel. The ultimate derivation is from the Latin "capella", originally a diminutive of "capa", hood, cloak, but later transferred to the sense "chapel, sanctuary" referring to the shrine at Tours where the cloak of St. Martin was preserved as a relic. Locational surnames, such as this, were usually acquired by a local landowner, or by the lord of the manor, and especially by those former inhabitants of a place who had moved to another area, usually in search of work, and were thereafter best identified by the name of their birthplace. Occasionally, the surname, found as Capel(l), Capelle, Caple and Cappel(l), may be topographical in origin, denoting residence near or service at a chapel. The marriage of Edward Caple and Mary Harwood was recorded at St. Dunstan's, Stepney, in London, on October 28th 1634. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Jacob de Capel, which was dated 1193, in the "Pipe Rolls of Herefordshire", during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "The Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Capell — ist der Name folgender Personen: Barbara Capell (* 1950), frühere deutsche Schauspielerin und Autorin Leonore Capell (* 1970), deutsche Schauspielerin Peter Capell (1912−1986), deutscher Schauspieler Rudolf Capell (1635–1684), deutscher Pädagoge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Capell — may refer to: * Edward Capell (1713 1781), English critic * Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell (1638 1696), First Lord of the British Admiralty …   Wikipedia

  • Capell — (spr. Käpp l), Edward, geb. 1713 zu Troston in Suffolkshire; besorgte zuerst eine treue Ausgabe Shakespeares, in 10 Bdn., u. schr.: Notes[650] and various readings of Shakespeare, Lond. 1783, 3 Bde …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Capell — Capel Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Capel peut faire réfrence à : Côtis Capel (1915 1986), le pseudonyme littéraire d’Albert Lohier, Diego Capel (1988 ), un joueur de football… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • capell — ca|pell Mot Agut Nom masculí …   Diccionari Català-Català

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  • Capèll — cappello …   Mini Vocabolario milanese italiano

  • Capell Lane Weems — Capell L. Weems was a Republican Congressman from Ohio. A small town, Weems, was named after him …   Wikipedia

  • Capell L. Weems — Capell Lane Weems (July 7, 1860 January 5, 1913) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.Born in Whigville, Ohio, Weems attended the common schools and normal academy, Caldwell, Ohio.He studied law.He was admitted to the bar in 1883 and commenced… …   Wikipedia

  • Capell-Meister, der — Der Capếll Meister, des s, plur. ut nom. sing. ein Tonkünstler, welcher die Aufsicht über die musikalische Capelle eines Fürsten hat. S. 1. Capelle 2 …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart